Structure, Sequence, and Chromosome 19 Localization of HumanUSF2and Its Rearrangement in a Patient with Multicystic Renal Dysplasia

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, United States
Genomics (Impact Factor: 2.28). 01/1997; 38(2):141-8. DOI: 10.1006/geno.1996.0609
Source: PubMed


The precise etiology of hydronephrosis caused by pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction is not yet known but there is convincing evidence for a genetic cause, with linkage analysis predicting a hereditary hydronephrosis locus on chromosome 6p. In previous studies, a patient was described with a de novo autosomal t(6;19)(p21;q13.1) translocation and suffering from bilateral multicystic renal dysplasia (MRD) caused by a bilateral complete pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction. In an effort to elucidate a possible correlation between this translocation and hereditary hydronephrosis, we have carried out an extensive molecular characterization of a chromosome 19 cosmid clone previously identified as spanning the translocation in this unique index case. DNA sequencing across a 9.2-kb BamHI fragment that straddles the translocation indicates the presence of DNA sequences with a high degree of similarity to the USF2 gene that encodes the transcription factor USF2 (upstream stimulator factor 2). The genomic structure of USF2 consists of 10 exons distributed over a DNA region of about 11 kb. The putative promoter region is GC-rich and lacks TATA and CCAAT boxes, suggesting that expression of the USF2 gene may be controlled by a typical housekeeping gene promoter. The chromosome 19 breakpoint in the MRD patient appeared to have occurred in intron 7 of the USF2 gene. Northern blot analysis of a variety of human tissues revealed that the USF2 gene is ubiquitously expressed. Furthermore, Northern blot and 3'-RACE analysis of mRNA isolated from lung fibroblasts of the MRD patient failed to detect a fusion transcript involving USF2 sequences, suggesting gene disruption rather than the generation of a fusion gene as a possible underlying mechanism.

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    • "This was first highlighted by a study investigating hormone refractory prostate cancer samples. Half of the hormone refractory prostate cancer samples displayed a loss of chromosome 19q ter-q13.1 [57] which includes the region with the usf2 gene [58]. A reintroduction of an intact human chromosome 19 into a tumorigenic prostate cell line reduced tumorigenicity in athymic nude mice [59]. "
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    ABSTRACT: The upstream stimulatory factor 2 (USF2) is a regulator of important cellular processes and is supposed to have also a role during tumor development. However, the knowledge about the mechanisms that control the function of USF2 is limited. The data of the current study show that USF2 function is regulated by phosphorylation and identified GSK3β as an USF2-phosphorylating kinase. The phosphorylation sites within USF2 could be mapped to serine 155 and threonine 230. In silico analyses of the 3-dimensional structure revealed that phosphorylation of USF2 by GSK3β converts it to a more open conformation which may influence transactivity, DNA binding and target gene expression. Indeed, experiments with GSK-3β-deficient cells revealed that USF2 transactivity, DNA binding and target gene expression were reduced upon lack of GSK3β. Further, experiments with USF2 variants mimicking GSK3β phosphorylated USF2 in GSK3β-deficient cells showed that phosphorylation of USF2 by GSK3β did not affect cell proliferation but increased cell migration. Together, this study reports a new mechanism by which USF2 may contribute to cancerogenesis.
    PLoS ONE 09/2014; 9(9):e107914. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0107914 · 3.23 Impact Factor
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    • "Urinary tract abnormalities were found in both cases. Observed multi-cystic dysplastic kidney disease could be associated with some changes of USF2 gene, located at the 19q13.1 band (Groenen et al., 1996). Disruption of the USF2 gene may cause multicystic renal dysplasia with pelviureteric obstruction, and massive hydronephrosis. "
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    ABSTRACT: This communication presents the first case of complete trisomy 19q, prenatally detected by ultrasound investigation. Real-time high-resolution ultrasound examination was performed at 19 weeks of gestation. After termination of the pregnancy, autopsy investigation was done. GTG-banding, fluorescence in situ hybridization m-(FISH) analysis, and FISH analysis with a 19q subtelomeric specific probe were used for identification of the fetal karyotype. Sonographic examination revealed an enlarged cisterna magna, cerebellar hypoplasia and aplasia of the inferior part of the vermis, combined and bilateral kidney malformations, significant nuchal fold, absence of fetal nasal bones, and intracardial calcifications. Autopsy confirmed ultrasound findings, but also revealed situs viscerum inversus of the lungs. Fetal karyotype was defined as: 46,XY,der(21)t(19;21)(q11;p13)mat. Our ultrasound and autopsy findings will certainly contribute to better knowledge of phenotype characterization of this rare chromosomal disorder.
    Prenatal Diagnosis 07/2007; 27(7):644-7. DOI:10.1002/pd.1742 · 3.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vesico-ureteral reflux (VUR) is a frequent condition, but in most instances, the precise cause is unknown. We here review the evidence of a genetic aetiology of VUR, inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, with variable expression. We discuss the possible pathogenetic relationship between VUR and other types of uropathies and possible strategies towards the identification of genes underlying VUR are presented. The isolation of the gene(s) responsible for uropathies will not only lead to a better insight into the embryology of the urological system, the pathogenesis of uropathies, but also to a renewed interest from clinicians in congenital uropathies.
    European Journal of Pediatrics 05/1998; 157(4):265-71. DOI:10.1007/s004310050808 · 1.89 Impact Factor
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