Physical mapping of Mycobacterium bovis BCG pasteur reveals differences from the genome map of Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv and from M. bovis.

Unité de Génétique Moléculaire Bactérienne, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.
Microbiology (Impact Factor: 2.84). 12/1996; 142 ( Pt 11):3135-45. DOI: 10.1099/13500872-142-11-3135
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A Dral restriction map of the approximately 4.35 Mb circular chromosome of the vaccine strain Mycobacterium bovis BCG Pasteur was constructed by linking all 21 Dral fragments, ranging in size from 6 to 820 kb, using specific clones that spanned the Dral recognition sites as hybridization probes. The positions of 20 known genes were also established. Comparison of the resultant genome map with that of the virulent tubercle bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv revealed extensive global conservation of the genomes of these two members of the M. tuberculosis complex. Possible sites of evolutionary rearrangements were localized on the chromosome of M. bovis BCG Pasteur by comparing the Asnl restriction profile with that of M. tuberculosis H37Rv. When selected cosmids from the corresponding areas of the genome of M. tuberculosis H37Rv were used as hybridization probes to examine different BCG strains, wild-type M. bovis and M. tuberculosis H37Rv, a number of deletions up to 10 kb in size, insertions and other polymorphisms were detected. In addition to the known deletions covering the genes for the protein antigens ESAT-6 and mpt64, other genetic loci exhibiting polymorphisms or rearrangements were detected in M. bovis BCG Pasteur.

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    ABSTRACT: Genome maps have been constructed for the mycobacterial pathogens Mycobacterium leprae and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, as well as for the attenuated vaccine strain Mycobacterium bovis BCG Pasteur. While the chromosomes of M. tuberculosis and M. bovis BCG Pasteur show extensive conservation at the grosslevel, comparison with M. leprae revealed a high degree of diversification, with a mosaic-like pattern apparent. The ordered libraries of M. tuberculosis and M. leprae produced during the course of these studies played a central role in the genome sequencing projects of these two bacilli, showing the utility of this approach for systematic sequencing of bacterial genomes.
    Electrophoresis 04/1998; 19(4). DOI:10.1002/elps.1150190418 · 3.16 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background The bacterial genus Mycobacterium is of great interest in the medical and biotechnological fields. Despite a flood of genome sequencing and functional genomics data, significant gaps in knowledge between genome and phenome seriously hinder efforts toward the treatment of mycobacterial diseases and practical biotechnological applications. In this study, we propose the use of systematic, comparative functional pan-genomic analysis to build connections between genomic dynamics and phenotypic evolution in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) metabolism in the genus Mycobacterium. Results Phylogenetic, phenotypic, and genomic information for 27 completely genome-sequenced mycobacteria was systematically integrated to reconstruct a mycobacterial phenotype network (MPN) with a pan-genomic concept at a network level. In the MPN, mycobacterial phenotypes show typical scale-free relationships. PAH degradation is an isolated phenotype with the lowest connection degree, consistent with phylogenetic and environmental isolation of PAH degraders. A series of functional pan-genomic analyses provide conserved and unique types of genomic evidence for strong epistatic and pleiotropic impacts on evolutionary trajectories of the PAH-degrading phenotype. Under strong natural selection, the detailed gene gain/loss patterns from horizontal gene transfer (HGT)/deletion events hypothesize a plausible evolutionary path, an epistasis-based birth and pleiotropy-dependent death, for PAH metabolism in the genus Mycobacterium. This study generated a practical mycobacterial compendium of phenotypic and genomic changes, focusing on the PAH-degrading phenotype, with a pan-genomic perspective of the evolutionary events and the environmental challenges. Conclusions Our findings suggest that when selection acts on PAH metabolism, only a small fraction of possible trajectories is likely to be observed, owing mainly to a combination of the ambiguous phenotypic effects of PAHs and the corresponding pleiotropy- and epistasis-dependent evolutionary adaptation. Evolutionary constraints on the selection of trajectories, like those seen in PAH-degrading phenotypes, are likely to apply to the evolution of other phenotypes in the genus Mycobacterium. Keywords: Mycobacterium ; PAH metabolism; Pan-genome; Functional genomics; Functional pan-genome; Phenotype network; Evolution; Epistasis; Pleiotropy
    BMC Evolutionary Biology 02/2015; 15(1). DOI:10.1186/s12862-015-0302-8 · 3.41 Impact Factor

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