Hysterectomy after endometrial ablation.
ABSTRACT Our purpose was to determine the number of women undergoing hysterectomy after endometrial ablation and the indications for the subsequent surgery.
Forty-two premenopausal women, who had severe menorrhagia associated with a clinically normal examination result, underwent rollerball endometrial ablation between November 1990 and December 1991. Thirty-seven women whom we gave ongoing care were evaluated by chart review. Four women who received care elsewhere were interviewed by telephone. One woman was lost to follow-up. Patients were followed up a minimum of 4 years. Age, parity, operating time, endometrial preparation, preablation sterilization, and preablation dysmenorrhea were assessed in regard to subsequent hysterectomy. Patient satisfaction was assessed at 24 months. Life-table analysis was performed to determine cumulative probability of hysterectomy.
Fourteen of the 41 women (34%) underwent hysterectomy within 5 years after rollerball endometrial ablation. Continued abnormal menstrual bleeding and menstrual pain were significantly associated with subsequent hysterectomy. Eleven of the 14 cases of hysterectomy were associated with gross abnormality such as myomas, adenomyosis, endometriosis, and chronic hematosalpinx. A linear relationship between hysterectomy and time was noted.
On the basis of our findings one third of women undergoing rollerball endometrial ablation for menorrhagia can expect to have a hysterectomy within 5 years. If the linear relationship noted during the first 5 years is extrapolated, theoretically, all women may need hysterectomy by 13 years. Most patients undergo hysterectomy because of significant pelvic abnormality. Further studies with longterm follow-up are needed to define the role of endometrial ablation for menorrhagia.
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ABSTRACT: A method of ablating the endometrium has been introduced into clinical practice that uses radiofrequency electromagnetic energy to heat the endometrium, using a probe inserted through the cervix. Preliminary studies suggest that over 80% of patients treated will develop either amenorrhea or a significant reduction in flow. The advantages of radiofrequency endometrial ablation over laser ablation or resection are the avoidance of intravascular fluid absorption, simplicity (no special operative hysteroscopic skills are required), speed of operation, and reduced cost compared with the Nd:YAG laser. In this paper, we describe the experimental studies performed during development of this new technique.Obstetrics and Gynecology 12/1990; 76(5 Pt 1):876-81. · 4.80 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: 234 patients with menorrhagia were treated hysteroscopically by transcervical resection of the endometrium (TCRE) instead of hysterectomy. 250 procedures were performed under general anaesthesia (63%) or under sedation plus local anaesthesia (38%). The endometrium was excised either totally (91%) or partially (9%) in all but one case, and 56 (22%) of the patients underwent simultaneous resection of submucous fibroids. Surgical time (range 10-100 min) varied with the gynaecologist's experience. 479 ml was the average volume of uterine irrigant absorbed by the patient. Blood loss was usually slight. Operative complications were uncommon, but 4 (2%) women sustained a uterine perforation (without serious sequelae), 7 (3%) absorbed more than 2 litres of fluid, and 1 required tamponade to control postoperative bleeding. Hospital stay was short and full recovery usual by 1-2 weeks. Menstrual symptoms improved in over 90% of the patients throughout the follow-up of up to 2 1/2 years; 27-42% of the women became amenorrhoeic at some time after total TCRE. Results were best in women greater than 35 years of age, but was not influenced by the presence of fibroids or pretreatment dysmenorrhoea. 10 (4%) women later underwent hysterectomy. Hysteroscopy 3 and 12 months after surgery revealed a small, fibrotic uterine cavity in the majority.The Lancet 06/1991; 337(8749):1074-8. · 39.06 Impact Factor
- Obstetrics and Gynecology 12/1995; 86(5):868-9. · 4.80 Impact Factor