Article

The value of SPECT scans in identifying back pain likely to benefit from facet joint injection.

Clinical Rheumatology Unit, Guy's Hospital, London.
British journal of rheumatology 12/1996; 35(12):1269-73.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Lumbar facet disease is sometimes implicated in low back pain. Identification is difficult and this may account for a variable response. Single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) is a scanning technique which enables localization of facet joint pathology. We determined whether recognition of facet disease by this method improved the response to corticosteroid injection treatment. Fifty-eight patients with low back pain and displaying accepted clinical criteria for facet joint disease were evaluated by SPECT. Twenty-two had facetal uptake of isotope. These and the tender facet joints of 36 scan-negative patients were injected with 40 mg methylprednisolone and 1 ml 1% lignocaine under X-ray control. Pain was assessed by a blind observer using the McGill questionnaire (MGQ), Present Pain Intensity score (PPI) and a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). VAS, PPI and MGQ were reduced in the scan-positive patients at 1 month (P = 0.05, P = 0.0005, P = 0.005) and MGQ at 3 months (P = 0.01), whilst scan-negative patients were unchanged. The percentage of scan-positive patients who reported improvement was 95% at 1 month and 79% at 3 months, significantly greater than the control group (P = 0.0005, P = 0.01). Within 6 months, pain improvement in the SPECT-positive group was no longer statistically significant. Tenderness did not correlate with increased uptake on SPECT scan. Osteoarthritis of the facets was more common in the SPECT-positive patients (P < 0.001), but did not correspond with sites of increased uptake on SPECT scan. These results suggest that SPECT can enhance the identification of back pain sufferers likely to obtain short-term benefit from facet joint injection.

Full-text

Available from: Richard J Stratton, Jul 07, 2014
0 Followers
 · 
83 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of SPECT/CT and MRI in patients with ankle and foot pain, with regard to the lesion types. Fifty consecutive patients with ankle and foot pain, who underwent 99mTc-MDP SPECT/CT and MRI, were retrospectively enrolled in this study. Symptomatic lesions were determined based on clinical examination and response to treatment. On MRI and SPECT/CT, detected lesions were classified as bone, ligament/tendon, and joint lesions. Uptake on SPECT/CT was assessed using a 4-grade system. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of SPECT/CT and MRI were evaluated in all detected lesions and each lesion type. Diagnostic value of uptake grade was analyzed using receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) curve analysis, and diagnostic performance was compared using Chi-square or McNemar tests. In overall lesions, the sensitivity, PPV and NPV of SPECT/CT for symptomatic lesions were 93%, 56%, 91%, and they were 98%, 48%, 95% for MRI. There was no significant difference between SPECT/CT and MRI. However, the specificity of SPECT/CT was significantly higher than that of MRI (48% versus 24%, P = 0.016). Uptake grade on SPECT/CT was significantly higher in symptomatic lesions (P < 0.001), and its area under curve on ROC analysis was 0.787. In the analysis of each lesion type, the specificity of SPECT/CT was poor in joint lesions compared with other lesion types and MRI (P < 0.001, respectively). MRI exhibited lower specificity than SPECT/CT in bone lesions (P = 0.004) and ligament/tendon lesions (P < 0.001). SPECT/CT has MRI-comparable diagnostic performance for symptomatic lesions in ankle and foot pain patients. SPECT/CT and MRI exhibit different diagnostic specificity in different lesion types. SPECT/CT may be used as a complementary imaging method to MRI for enhancing diagnostic specificity.
    PLoS ONE 02/2015; 10(2):e0117583. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0117583 · 3.53 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Study Design Surgeon survey. Objective To evaluate the reliability of bone single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) versus bone SPECT images co-registered with computed tomography (bone SPECT-CT) by analyzing interobserver agreement for identification of the anatomical location of technetium99m-labeled oxidronate uptake in the lumbar disk and/or facet joint. Methods Seven spine surgeons interpreted 20 bone scans: 10 conventional black-and-white tomograms (bone SPECT) and 10 color-graded bone SPECT-CT scans. Each surgeon was asked to identify the location of any diagnostically relevant uptake in the disk and/or facet joint between L1 and S1. Reliability was evaluated using the free-marginal kappa statistic, and the level of agreement was assessed using the Landis and Koch interpretation. Results Conventional bone SPECT scans and bone SPECT-CT scans were reliable for the identification of diagnostically relevant uptake, with bone SPECT-CT having higher reliability (kappa = 0.72) than bone SPECT alone (0.59). Bone SPECT and bone SPECT-CT were also reliable in identifying disk pathology, with kappa values of 0.72 and 0.81, respectively. However, bone SPECT-CT was more reliable (0.81) than bone SPECT (0.60) when identifying facet disease. Conclusions For the identification of disk pathology, it is reasonable to use either conventional bone SPECT or bone SPECT-CT; however, bone SPECT-CT is more reliable for facet joint pathology.
    02/2015; 5(1):23-30. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1394298
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Skeletal scintigraphy is one of the most frequent in vivo procedures in the field of nuclear medicine. Visualizing bone metabolism, it exhibits a fairly high sensitivity to detect skeletal lesions, but has limitations in terms of specificity and spatial resolution, even when single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is used. Combining SPECT with X-ray computed tomography helps overcome these limitations. This has, in particular, been shown when diagnosing bone involvement in malignant tumors. Emerging evidence indicates the benefit of hybrid imaging for bone scintigraphy during the workup of painful conditions affecting the back and the extremities. Methodological advances holding considerable promise for further improving its value are the quantitation of skeletal tracer uptake in absolute units, as well as multimodal image reconstruction techniques that have recently become available for use in clinical routine.
    12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s40336-014-0090-y