Compartment syndrome and fasciotomy in vascular surgery. A review of 57 cases.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Aalborg Hospital, Denmark.
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.82). 02/1997; 13(1):48-53. DOI:10.1016/S1078-5884(97)80050-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To investigate the occurrence of compartment syndrome and the results of fasciotomy in vascular surgical patients.
Retrospective study of case records from 1980-1994.
Fifty-seven limbs in 53 patients had fasciotomies following surgical revascularisation. Fifty-three (93%) limbs were acutely ischaemic, while four (7%) had undergone elective vascular surgery. Forty-four (77%) limbs had signs of compartment syndrome, while 13 (23%) fasciotomies were prophylactic.
The fasciotomies were done as subcutaneous procedures (n = 40), as double-incision fasciotomies (n = 11), or by an unknown method (n = 6). The skin incisions were closed primarily in 26 (46%) cases, delayed primarily in 11 (19%) cases, and by skin grafting in eight cases (14%).
Five (13%) subcutaneous fasciotomies required revision. Surgical debridement was required in four (7%) limbs. At discharge, 36 (68%) patients had kept their limbs, 11 (21%) patients were amputated, and six (11%) had died. No complications relating to the fasciotomies were observed.
Compartment syndrome is usually related to acute ischaemia and rarely following elective vascular surgery. Subcutaneous fasciotomy does not always ensure sufficient decompression of all four lower leg compartments. Complications related to fasciotomy are rare.

0 0
  • [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To review the literature on lithotomy-related neurovascular complications (LRNVC) of the lower limbs after colorectal surgery. Electronic databases were searched for relevant articles, including Medline, EMBASE, Pubmed, CENTRAL and CINHL. LRNVC after prolonged lithotomy position during colorectal surgery can be classified into vascular, neurological and neurovascular combined. Compartment syndrome (CS) is the most common clinical presentation. Seven case reports and 10 case series on 34 patients (27 men, 6 women) with CS have been reported. Risk factors included the lithotomy position and duration of surgery of more than 4 h. In colorectal surgery, lower limb LRNCVs, and CS are rare. A high index of clinical suspicion and early decompression may reduce morbidity.
    Colorectal Disease 11/2011; 13(11):1203-13. · 2.08 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [show abstract] [hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Vascular injury represents less than 1% of all injuries, but deserves special attention because of its severe complications. Amputation or retention of a painful functionless limb is the most untoward result of severe vascular injury or inadequate treatmet. Thus, vascular injury needs a judicious and multidimensional approach. This retrospective study was done to asess the outcome of minor modifications of the methodology of extremity fasciotomy by making it liberal with respect to incision and definition. Out of 55 patients in 2008, 45 patients (Group A) had either no fasciotomy or limited primary fasciotomy, 10 patients (Group B) had primary liberal fasciotomy. Another group from 2008 onwards had undergone primary liberal fasciotomy in all the 45 patients (Group C). In group A, we had 5 amputations and one death. In group B, there were no amputations or deaths and from group C, we had one amputation and no deaths. Blunt and distal traumatic vascular injury of the extremities and its repair should always combined with primary liberal fasciotomy, which although increases manageable morbidity, avoids disability (functional as well as anatomical).
    Trauma monthly. 01/2012; 17(2):287-290.
  • Orthopaedic Surgery 08/2013; 5(3):229-32.

S L Jensen