Corneodesmosin, a corneodesmosome-specific basic protein, is expressed in the cornified epithelia of the pig, guinea pig, rat, and mouse.
ABSTRACT Proteolysis of corneodesmosin, a 52- to 56-kDa basic protein located in the extracellular part of the modified desmosomes (corneodesmosomes) of human cornified epithelia, is thought to be a key event of desquamation. Three monoclonal antibodies specific for human corneodesmosin were used to search for the expression of the protein in other mammals. Cryosections of pig, guinea pig, rat, and mouse cornified tissues and proteins sequentially extracted from the corresponding epithelia were analyzed by immunofluorescence and immunoblotting, respectively. Two of the antibodies (F28-27 and B17-21) showed, on the epidermis of the four species and on the cornified epithelia of the rat tongue and esophagus, the same labeling as on human epidermis. Cytoplasmic in the lower granular layer, then pericellular microgranular, the labeling progressively disappeared in the lower cornified layer. By contrast, it persisted up to the surface in the rat tail epidermis. The two antibodies immunodetected basic proteins extracted with isotonic buffer from the epidermis of the pig (50 kDa), guinea pig (52 kDa), and mouse (75 kDa) and from the cornified epithelia of the rat (75 kDa). Immunoreactive proteins of lower Mr were also extracted partly with urea and partly with a reducing agent. The third antibody (G36-19) presented the same reactivities except on murine tissues, where it was unreactive. Our results show that the location, the biochemical characteristics, and the processing of corneodesmosin are similar in five mammals, including humans, suggesting an important role for this protein. They open the way to studies of its function in desquamation using various animal models.
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ABSTRACT: Corneodesmosin (CDSN) is an important component of the desmosome in the epidermal cornified stratum and inner root sheath of hair follicles. DNA from a sheep BAC clone previously identified by us to contain CDSN was PCR amplified using cattle-derived primers and the product sequenced. A region of 4579 bp containing CDSN was shown to contain two exons separated by one intron and spanning 3683 bp. The DNA encodes a predicted protein of 546 amino acids. Phylogenetic analysis shows that sheep CDSN falls within a clade containing cattle and other ruminant-like species. Comparison of sequences generated from 12 unrelated merino sheep and the International Sheep Genome Consortium (ISGC) data identified 58 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the 4579 bp region of which 16 are contained within coding sequences (1 in 80 bp). The SNPs identified in this study will add to the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) SNP panel, which will allow extensive haplotyping of the sheep MHC in future studies.Animal Science Journal 05/2012; 83(5):386-93. · 1.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Using genetic and pharmacological approaches, we demonstrate that both RARgamma/RXRalpha heterodimers involved in repression events, as well as PPARbeta(delta)/RXRalpha heterodimers involved in activation events, are cell-autonomously required in suprabasal keratinocytes for the generation of lamellar granules (LG), the organelles instrumental to the formation of the skin permeability barrier. In activating PPARbeta(delta)/RXRalpha heterodimers, RXRalpha is transcriptionally active as its AF-2 activation function is required and can be inhibited by an RXR-selective antagonist. Within repressing RARgamma/RXRalpha heterodimers, induction of the transcriptional activity of RXRalpha is subordinated to the addition of an agonistic ligand for RARgamma. Thus, the ligand that possibly binds and activates RXRalpha heterodimerized with PPARbeta(delta) cannot be a retinoic acid, as it would also bind RARgamma and relieve the RARgamma-mediated repression, thereby yielding abnormal LGs. Our data also demonstrate for the first time that subordination of RXR transcriptional activity to that of its RAR partner plays a crucial role in vivo, because it allows RXRs to act concomitantly, within the same cell, as heterodimerization partners for repression, as well as for activation events in which they are transcriptionally active.Genes & Development 07/2006; 20(11):1525-38. · 12.44 Impact Factor
- American Journal of Infection Control - AMER J INFECT CONTROL. 01/2006; 34(10).