Synthesis and characterization of [125I]3′-(−)-iodopentazocine, a selective σ1 receptor ligand
George C. Cotzias Laboratory of Neuro-Oncology, Department of Neurology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY 10021, USA. European Journal of Pharmacology
(Impact Factor: 2.53).
04/1997; 321(3):361-8. DOI: 10.1016/S0014-2999(96)00963-6
Pentazocine is a potent ligand at both opioid and sigma receptors, but with opposite stereoselectivities. Whereas (-)-pentazocine has high affinity for a number of opioid receptors, (+)-pentazocine labels sigma 1 receptors. Iodination of (-)-pentazocine at the 3'-position reverses its selectivity for opioid and sigma 1 receptors. 3'-(-)-Iodopentazocine competes at sigma 1 receptor binding sites with a Ki value of 8 nM, compared to approximately 40 nM for (-)-pentazocine. 3'-(-)-Iodopentazocine also has lost its affinity for opioid receptors. In contrast, iodination of (+)-pentazocine lowers its affinity at sigma 1 receptors. Synthesis of [125I]3'-(-)-iodopentazocine is readily performed with incorporations of up to 80%. Binding is of high affinity and shows the selectivity anticipated for a sigma 1 receptor-selective ligand. Exposing membranes prebound with [125I]3'-(-)-iodopentazocine to ultraviolet light can covalently couple the ligand into the membranes. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis reveals a major band at about 25 kDa and a minor one at about 20 kDa, indicating photolabeling of sigma 1 receptors with minor incorporation into sigma 2 sites.
Available from: Chih-Cheng Chien
- "Although (Ϫ)pentazocine labels and opioid binding sites with high affinity, it has only modest affinity for sites. Conversely, (ϩ)pentazocine selectivity labels 1 receptors (K i ϭ 1.8 nM) approximately 500-fold more potently than opioid sites (K i Ͼ 700 nM) and more than 30-fold more potently than 1 binding sites (Chien et al., 1997). Likewise, the ligand BD1047 shows poor affinity for opioid binding sites (K i Ͼ 1000 nM) while labeling 1 sites with very high affinity (K i ϭ 0.9 nM) (Matsumoto et al., 1995). "
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ABSTRACT: sigma Ligands modulate opioid actions in vivo, with agonists diminishing morphine analgesia and antagonists enhancing the response. Using human BE(2)-C neuroblastoma cells that natively express opioid receptors and human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells transfected with a cloned mu opioid receptor, we now demonstrate a similar modulation of opioid function, as assessed by guanosine 5'-O-(3-[(35)S]thio)triphosphate ([(35)S]GTP gamma S) binding, by sigma(1) receptors. sigma Ligands do not compete opioid receptor binding. Administered alone, neither sigma agonists nor antagonists significantly stimulated [(35)S]GTP gamma S binding. Yet sigma receptor selective antagonists, but not agonists, shifted the EC(50) of opioid-induced stimulation of [(35)S]GTP gamma S binding by 3- to 10-fold to the left. This enhanced potency was seen without a change in the efficacy of the opioid, as assessed by the maximal stimulation of [(35)S]GTP gamma S binding. sigma(1) Receptors physically associate with mu opioid receptors, as shown by coimmunoprecipitation studies in transfected HEK cells, implying a direct interaction between the proteins. Thus, sigma receptors modulate opioid transduction without influencing opioid receptor binding. RNA interference knockdown of sigma(1) in BE(2)-C cells also potentiated mu opioid-induced stimulation of [(35)S]GTP gamma S binding. These modulatory actions are not limited to mu and delta opioid receptors. In mouse brain membrane preparations, sigma(1)-selective antagonists also potentiated both opioid receptor and muscarinic acetylcholine receptor-mediated stimulation of [(35)S]GTP gamma S binding, suggesting a broader role for sigma receptors in modulating G-protein-coupled receptor signaling.
Molecular pharmacology 04/2010; 77(4):695-703. DOI:10.1124/mol.109.057083 · 4.13 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We have cloned a sigma receptor from rat brain and established its functional identity using a heterologous expression system. The cloned cDNA (1,582 bp long) codes for a protein of 223 amino acids that possesses a single putative transmembrane domain. The amino acid sequence of the rat brain sigma receptor is highly homologous to that of the sigma receptor recently cloned from guinea pig liver and a human placental cell line but is not related to any other known mammalian receptors. When expressed in HeLa cells, the rat brain sigma receptor cDNA leads to a two- to threefold increase in haloperidol binding, and this cDNA-induced binding is sensitive to inhibition by several sigma receptor-specific ligands. Kinetic analysis using the heterologous expression system has revealed that the rat brain sigma receptor interacts with haloperidol with an apparent dissociation constant (K(D)) of 3 nM. Functional expression of the cloned rat brain sigma receptor in HeLa cells also leads to an increase in the binding of two other sigma ligands, namely, (+)-pentazocine and (+)-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine (PPP). Pharmacological characterization of the cloned rat brain sigma receptor reveals that it exhibits severalfold higher affinity for clorgyline than for 1 ,3-di(2-tolyl)guanidine, it interacts with progesterone and testosterone, and its interaction with PPP is markedly enhanced by phenytoin. In addition, transfection of MCF-7 cells, which do not express type 1 sigma receptor mRNA or activity, with the cloned rat brain cDNA leads to the appearance of haloperidol-sensitive binding of (+)-pentazocine, a selective type 1 sigma receptor ligand. These data show that the cloned rat brain cDNA codes for a functional type 1 sigma receptor. Northern blot analysis with poly(A)+ RNA isolated from various rat tissues has indicated that the sigma receptor-specific transcript, 1.6 kb in size, is expressed abundantly in liver and moderately in intestine, kidney, brain, and lung.
Journal of Neurochemistry 04/1998; 70(3):922-31. · 4.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A cDNA clone (S2-1a) isolated from a mouse brain cDNA library, using a guinea pig sigma1 cDNA as probe, has high homology to the predicted protein sequence of the guinea pig (88%) and human (90%) sigma1 receptors. Northern analysis revealed a major mRNA of approximately 1.8 kb in a wide range of mouse tissues, with highest levels in brain, liver, kidney, and thymus. Southern analysis and chromosomal mapping in the mouse suggested a single-copy gene in region A5-B2 of chromosome 4. Expression of the clone in MCF-7 and CHO cells led to a pronounced increase in (+)-[3H]pentazocine binding with a selectivity profile consistent with sigma1 receptors. In vitro translation yielded a protein of approximately 28 kDa, as did transfection of a probe containing the hemagglutinin (HA) epitope (S2-1a.HA) into CHO cells, as determined by western analysis using an antibody directed against HA. (+)-[3H]-Pentazocine binding to immunopurified HA-tagged receptor demonstrated conclusively that S2-1a.HA encodes a high-affinity (+)-[3H]pentazocine binding site with characteristics of a murine sigma1 receptor. An antisense oligodeoxynucleotide designed from S2-1a potentiated opioid analgesia in vivo.
Journal of Neurochemistry 07/1998; 70(6):2279-85. · 4.28 Impact Factor
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