Male involvement in family planning: a case study spanning five generations of a south Indian family.
ABSTRACT Family planning program planners often view men as gatekeepers who, if involved in reproductive decisionmaking, will thwart women's efforts to regulate fertility. This study examines fertility decisions made by five generations of one South Indian family and the factors affecting its sudden observed fertility decline. Male involvement in family planning and use of male methods are associated with the fertility decline and resulted in long-term benefits for women. Traditional notions about gender roles and family, in addition to economic concerns, shaped fertility decisionmaking. Individual motivation rather than choice of methods was more important for positive male participation in family planning.
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ABSTRACT: This paper employs the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (2004) to explore the relationship between participation in microcredit programs and women’s empowerment using a structural equation model with categorical observed variables. A MCMC-based Bayesian approach is adopted for estimation. Along with participation in microcredit, we consider a variety of sociocultural aspects as potential predictors of empowerment in the Bangladeshi context including men’s perceptions about women’s status. We conclude that gender community norms are strongly rooted in women’s minds regardless of the partners’ perceptions of women’s status, and microcredit interventions may actually contribute to change gender beliefs and social attitudes.DISCE - Quaderni del Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali; 12/2013
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ABSTRACT: This study established the influence of gender roles and norms factors on the reproductive behaviour among couples in Ibadan. A total of three hundred men and women randomly selected from five different professions in Ibadan constituted the sample for the study. The two instruments used were author-constructed questionnaires with 0.71 and 0.69 reliability co-efficient, respectively. The data obtained were analysed using multiple regression analysis. The results indicated that significant relationships existed between extramarital sexual partners, family size, prenatal care, contraceptive use and breastfeeding and reproductive behaviour but not with birth spacing practices. The results further indicated that a combination of the independent variables significantly predicted reproductive behaviour and relationship. The result therefore, indicates the need for those in the helping professions to design intervention programmes for couples on reproductive behaviour.
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ABSTRACT: Recent concern regarding the control of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) has resulted in an increased interest in the sexual health of men. This interest has primarily focused on strategies to 'encourage and enable men to take responsibility for their sexual and reproductive behaviour and their social and family roles' (United Nations 1994). Whilst men are deemed to have 'responsibilities', women are said to have 'rights' with regard to making choices about reproductive health and accessing appropriate and effective services. Here it is argued that, whilst provision of services and interventions against STIs in men should never be at the expense of those for women, it is often clinically easier and more effective to diagnose and treat men with STIs compared to women in resource-poor settings. Indeed, this may prove to be an effective strategy in controlling the spread of STIs, and hence reducing the disproportionate burden of their complications suffered by women. The paper reviews key issues in relation to improved service delivery for sexual and reproductive health in men, notably: the heterogeneity of male populations; current knowledge regarding men's sexual behaviour; the role of sexuality; methods of studying sexual behaviour in resource poor countries; men's own concerns in relation to sexual and reproductive health; and where and how they access treatment. It is argued that the time has now come to determine and address men's sexual health needs if we are to expect them to participate fully as responsible partners in improving and protecting their own and others' sexual and reproductive health.Tropical Medicine & International Health 08/2000; 5(7):A37-44. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-3156.2000.00594.x · 2.30 Impact Factor