An improved phage display vector for antibody repertoire cloning by construction of combinatorial libraries.
ABSTRACT Phagemid pComb3 is a widely used vector for molecular cloning of the antibody repertoire and for production of phage display libraries. However, in practical use, the utilization of this vector has some drawbacks. In this work we describe the construction of pComb3/TIG, an improved, easily manipulated vector for the cloning and display of antibody fragment libraries on the surface of filamentous phage. The two small "stuffer" fragments at the cloning sites were replaced with long DNA fragments, for easier differentiation of the correctly cut forms of the vector. Moreover, in pComb3/TIG the fragment at the heavy-chain-fragment cloning site contains an acid phosphatase-encoding gene. This feature allows the easy distinction of the Escherichia coli cells containing the unmodified form of the phagemid instead of the heavy-chain fragment coding cDNA in a simple plate histochemical assay.
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ABSTRACT: The new H1N1 swine-origin influenza virus (S-OIV) strain is a global health problem. The elucidation of the virus-host relationship is crucial for the control of the new infection. Two human monoclonal antibody Fab fragments (HMab) neutralizing the novel H1N1 influenza strain at very low concentrations were cloned before the emergence of S-OIV from a patient who had a broad-range H1N1 serum neutralizing activity. The two HMabs neutralized all tested H1N1 strains, including S-OIV and a swine strain with IC(50) ranging from 2 to 7 microg/ml. Data demonstrate that infection with previously circulating H1N1 strains can elicit antibodies neutralizing S-OIV. Finally, the human genes coding for the neutralizing HMabs could be used for generating full human monoclonal IgGs that can be safely administered being potentially useful in the prophylaxis and the treatment of this human infection.Virology 03/2010; 399(1):144-52. DOI:10.1016/j.virol.2009.12.014 · 3.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Demonstration of antibodies inhibiting key viral functions is the basis for the design of an effective vaccine. Dissection of the human antibody response by repertoire cloning may be a powerful means to address this issue. In this study, a panel of human monoclonal recombinant Fab fragments specific for hepatitis C virus (HCV) E2 envelope protein was generated. The selection procedure was designed to select for cross-genotype reactive antibodies. Sequences coding five different human recombinant Fabs specific for the HCV/E2 protein were cloned and characterized. The ability of the cloned antibody fragments to inhibit adhesion of recombinant envelope E2 protein to target cells was assayed. While affinity of the different antibody fragments appeared similar, activity in inhibiting E2 binding to target cells varied considerably from one Fab fragment to another. Two Fabs were not able to inhibit E2 binding at high concentration (40 μg/mL), while three other Fab clones were active in neutralizing 50% of the E2 binding at concentrations ranging from 3 to 0.35 μg/mL.Hepatology 09/1998; 28(3):810 - 814. DOI:10.1002/hep.510280331 · 11.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Here we report a novel method for selecting human antibody fragments from nonimmunized variable domain libraries. The antibody fragments are selected on the basis of stabilization of the variable domain fragment (F(v)) in the presence of target antigens ("open sandwich selection"). One variable domain is displayed on phages and another is prepared as soluble molecules. These two reagents are mixed with the biotinylated target molecule and ternary complexes are captured by using streptavidin-conjugated magnet beads. After extensive washing, enriched clones are eluted by using target antigen. Some of the clones selected after 3 rounds are prepared as soluble domains, which then undergo another selection process. We obtained several human antibody fragments specific for human soluble erythropoietin receptor by using this method. Our method minimizes several of the disadvantages associated with human antibody selection through a phage-display system, such as construction of a large-scale library, deletion of genes during selection, and nonspecific binding.Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 08/2002; 295(1):31-6. DOI:10.1016/S0006-291X(02)00616-2 · 2.28 Impact Factor