"Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease characterized by the involvement of multiple tissues and organs and a noncaseating granulomatous reaction, which is not well understood . Although its pathogenesis is not clear, there appears to be a cellular immune system activation and a nonspecific inflammatory response against some genetic and environmental factors . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease characterized by hilar lymphadenopathy, involvement of internal organs, and diverse skin lesions. Systemic sclerosis is an autoimmune disease characterized by skin hardening and different internal organ fibrosis, including vascular abnormality. Immune response associated with Th-2 has been shown in the early and active stage of the disease. In this paper, we report coexistence of systemic sclerosis with sarcoidosis in a female patient presenting with granulomatous dermatitis, interstitial lung disease, and Raynaud's phenomenon complaints.
"Sarcoidosis is a noncaseating granulomatous disease that can affect any system of the body . Neurosarcoidosis involves the nervous system and occurs in less than 5% of patients with systemic sarcoidosis. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sarcoidosis is a chronic multisystemic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, which is characterized by noncaseating granulomatous inflammation of the involved organs. It is known that neurosarcoidosis involving the nervous system occurs in about 5% of patients with sarcoidosis. However, neurosarcoidosis without systemic involvement is extremely rare. We present a case of suspicious neurosarcoidosis affecting the pituitary gland, which was manifested as chronic uncontrolled headache, panhypopituitarism, central diabetes insipidus, and hypercalcemia. Though the biopsy at the pituitary lesion was not performed due to the high risk of surgical complication, treatment was needed urgently and we started steroid therapy. After steroid therapy, we observed the immediate symptom relief with improved hypercalcemia. According to the follow-up examination, no recurrent symptom was seen, and resolution of the pituitary lesion with improving panhypopituitarism was noted.
"Recently, scientific evidence provided a strong link between infectious agents and sarcoidosis Ezzie and Crouser 2007). On the other hand, the fact that sarcoidosis varies across ethnic groups, with African Americans and Northern Europeans having higher rates of disease than Southern Europeans and Japanese, strongly suggests that a genetic predisposition exists (Rossman and Kreider 2007, Kreider et al. 2005, Margolis and Loweder 2007). Despite the evidence for a genetic predisposition to sarcoidosis, not a single gene has been identified as the " sarcoidosis gene " until now. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The present study investigates the potential role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as risk factors in the development of sarcoidosis using a novel high-throughput microtiter well-based bioluminometric genotyping assay. One hundred and nineteen Greek patients with sarcoidosis and 209 control subjects were genotyped for the two SNPs of the TLR4 gene. The genotypes observed were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. The heterozygote frequency for both SNPs in sarcoidosis group and control population was 13.4% (16/119) and 10.5% (22/209), respectively. The minor genotype was found to be the same for both sarcoidosis and control groups and similar to that found in other Caucasian populations. No significant association of Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms with increased susceptibility to sarcoidosis was found (p = 0.61 and odds ratio = 1.183). In conclusion, genotype data for the TLR4 Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms in the Greek population were found to be in linkage disequilibrium, and no contribution in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis was established. Further, in course of the present study, we demonstrated a very simple and sensitive high-throughput bioluminometric assay for genotyping Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile polymorphisms in the TLR4 gene.
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