Stress reactions in disaster victims following the Bijlmermeer plane crash.
ABSTRACT This article examined posttraumatic stress symptoms in a sample of disaster victims following the Bijlmermeer plane crash of October, 1992, in the Netherlands. Findings indicated that six months after the disaster 26% of the respondents were suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The victims' PTSD was strongly associated with material damage and loss. The discussion of the results focuses on the distinction between normal and pathological stress reactions and the implications for disaster after-care.
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ABSTRACT: Eight and 18 months after police officers had responded to a civilian plane crash, we assessed symptomatology in 46 debriefed and 59 non-debriefed officers, using structured clinical interviews. The two groups did not differ in recalled preevent or postevent distress. Eight months postdisaster, debriefed and non-debriefed officers did not diverge significantly on post-traumatic stress symptomatology. Eighteen months postdisaster, however, those who had undergone debriefing exhibited significantly more disaster-related hyperarousal symptoms. We discuss research findings on post-traumatic stress and debriefing, and make some recommendations for crisis intervention following trauma and for further research on the topic. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.Stress Medicine 07/1998; 14(3). DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1099-1700(199807)14:3<143::AID-SMI770>3.0.CO;2-S
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: There have been deaths and injuries after an explosion which happened in an industrial region in Ankara in February 2011. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of acute stress disorder (ASD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and to determine the variables which can be the risk factors for PTSD. Methods: In this study, we included a total of 197 subjects who were present at the factory building and at the four offices nearby when the disaster occurred. All the participants were assessed one month after the explosion and 157 of them were re-assessed six months after the explosion. Socio-demographic information forms were given and the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) was administered to the participants one month after the explosion. Psychiatric assessments were done using the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis-I disorders (SCID-I). The CAPS was re-applied six month after the disaster. Results: At the first-month assessments, ASD was detected in 37.1% of participants and PTSD in 13.7%, whereas PTSD was observed in 16.6% of subjects at the sixth month of the accident. According to the first month data, having any psychiatric disorder before the incident, physical injury, acquaintances among the dead and the injured people, being involved in the incident and seeing dead people were detected as the risk factors for PTSD. At the sixth-month assessment, physical injury, acquaintances among the dead and the injured, being involved in the incident were seen as risk factors for PTSD. Conclusion: ASD and PTSD can be seen after an explosion. Having a previous psychiatric disorder and being directly affected by trauma and being injured are the risk factors for PTSD. This study implies that preventive mental health care services should include the management of current psychiatric condition and employee safety issues.Noropsikiyatri Arsivi 01/2014; 51(1):23-29. DOI:10.4274/npa.y6510 · 0.13 Impact Factor
Conference Paper: An Overview of the Design of Disaster Relief Shelters[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Disaster relief (DR) shelters play a vital role in large-scale disasters and are an important part of disaster response and recovery. DR shelters are used to provide private and secure places for people to live who have left or lost their usual accommodations as a result of some form of disaster. DR shelters not only provide immediate and short-term shelter for the victims of a disaster, but they also help them to recover from the trauma of a disaster as well as provide a base to start the process of rehabilitation. A review of the literature, case studies, guidance, and reports relating to the design of DR shelters indicates that their provision and performance are not currently as effective as they could be. A lack of adequate consideration with regard to climatic conditions, locally available materials and skills, cultural and social issues, delays, cost constraints, and poor location selection for DR shelters have each been identified as sources of poor performance contributing to an unacceptable standard of living. Moreover, there seems to be a lack of sufficient consideration with regard to the design of DR shelters for future storage and re-use. The principal aim of this research is to examine the extent to which environmental, economic, technical, and sociocultural criteria affect the provision and performance of DR shelters, and how such factors might be taken into account in the decision-making and design processes of such shelters.4th International Conference on Building Resilience., Salford-UK; 10/2014