Stress reactions in disaster victims following the Bijlmermeer plane crash

Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Department of Psychiatry, The Netherlands.
Journal of Traumatic Stress (Impact Factor: 2.72). 05/1997; 10(2):329-35. DOI: 10.1023/A:1024842532117
Source: PubMed


This article examined posttraumatic stress symptoms in a sample of disaster victims following the Bijlmermeer plane crash of October, 1992, in the Netherlands. Findings indicated that six months after the disaster 26% of the respondents were suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The victims' PTSD was strongly associated with material damage and loss. The discussion of the results focuses on the distinction between normal and pathological stress reactions and the implications for disaster after-care.

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Available from: Berthold P Gersons,
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    • "According to Carlier et al (1997), individuals whose homes have been damaged entirely commonly have serious stress issues. Losing a house has a considerable psychological impact and can cause physical stress symptoms. "
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    ABSTRACT: Disaster relief (DR) shelters play a vital role in large-scale disasters and are an important part of disaster response and recovery. DR shelters are used to provide private and secure places for people to live who have left or lost their usual accommodations as a result of some form of disaster. DR shelters not only provide immediate and short-term shelter for the victims of a disaster, but they also help them to recover from the trauma of a disaster as well as provide a base to start the process of rehabilitation. A review of the literature, case studies, guidance, and reports relating to the design of DR shelters indicates that their provision and performance are not currently as effective as they could be. A lack of adequate consideration with regard to climatic conditions, locally available materials and skills, cultural and social issues, delays, cost constraints, and poor location selection for DR shelters have each been identified as sources of poor performance contributing to an unacceptable standard of living. Moreover, there seems to be a lack of sufficient consideration with regard to the design of DR shelters for future storage and re-use. The principal aim of this research is to examine the extent to which environmental, economic, technical, and sociocultural criteria affect the provision and performance of DR shelters, and how such factors might be taken into account in the decision-making and design processes of such shelters.
    4th International Conference on Building Resilience., Salford-UK; 10/2014
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    • "The most consistent finding from disaster studies is that intensity of people's exposure is the critical determinant of their risk of psychopathology [29, 41]. Exposure is defined by a combination of the threat to particular persons and groups of people and the losses that they sustain [42]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Disasters test civil administrations' and health services' capacity to act in a flexible but well-coordinated manner because each disaster is unique and poses unusual challenges. The health services required differ markedly according to the nature of the disaster and the geographical spread of those affected. Epidemiology has shown that services need to be equipped to deal with major depressive disorder and grief, not just posttraumatic stress disorder, and not only for victims of the disaster itself but also the emergency service workers. The challenge is for specialist advisers to respect and understand the existing health care and support networks of those affected while also recognizing their limitations. In the initial aftermath of these events, a great deal of effort goes into the development of early support systems but the longer term needs of these populations are often underestimated. These services need to be structured, taking into account the pre-existing psychiatric morbidity within the community. Disasters are an opportunity for improving services for patients with posttraumatic psychopathology in general but can later be utilized for improving services for victims of more common traumas in modern society, such as accidents and interpersonal violence.
    Depression research and treatment 07/2012; 2012:970194. DOI:10.1155/2012/970194
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    • "Focusing on earthquakes specifically, similarities in PTSD outcomes across various cultures are striking with China reporting 23% (Cao et al., 2003), Turkey 23% (Altindag et al., 2005), and Iceland 24% (Böðvarsdóttir and Elklit, 2004). The main predictors for civilian complaints after a disaster have been listed as: loss of a loved one (Basoglu et al., 2004; Carlier and Gersons, 1997; DeSalvo et al., 2007; Favaro et al., 2004; Montazeri et al., 2005; Tural et al., 2004), damage to property (Armenian et al., 1998; Basoglu et al., 2004; "
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    ABSTRACT: This article reviews the literature on mental health of volunteers after working in disasters. When mobilized they often are a community's major source for rescue and recovery. PsychINFO, PubMED, and Web of Science were searched for relevant articles published until October 2009. Of 448 articles screened, only 9 articles fulfilled our inclusion criteria. They examined the aftermath of earthquakes (4 articles), terrorist bombings (1), explosions (1), aviation disasters (1), tsunami (1), and a bus accident (1).Findings showed that, compared with professional workers, volunteers tend to have higher complaint levels. The following factors were found to contribute to mental health complaints of volunteers: Identification with victims as a friend, severity of exposure to gruesome events during disaster work, anxiety sensitivity, and lack of postdisaster social support. The review reveals the need for more research regarding predictors of stress in volunteers.
    The Journal of nervous and mental disease 08/2010; 198(8):529-38. DOI:10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181ea1fa9 · 1.69 Impact Factor
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