Conservative management of extradural haematomas: effects of skull fractures on resorption rate.
ABSTRACT In conservative management of extradural haematomas (EDH), several mechanisms were described to explain the resorption of the haematoma. One of these was the transfer of the clot into the epicranial space through the skull fracture. In this study, the effects of skull fracture and associated intracranial lesions in the conservative management of EDH were investigated. Skull fracture and associated intracranial lesions were found in 71.11% and 51.1% of the patients, respectively. Resorption rate was calculated using an original formula and it was 0.548 +/- 0.227 in patients with skull fracture and 0.507 +/- 0.170 in patients with both skull fractures and additional intracranial lesions. These rates were found to be significantly higher than in the patients without fracture. In conclusion, in the patients with EDH planned to be managed conservatively, skull fracture and additional intracranial lesions must not be thought as risk factors, on the contrary, resorption of the clot might be earlier than in the others.
Article: Rapid spontaneous redistribution of acute epidural hematoma : case report and literature review.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Acute epidural hematoma (AEDH) occurring as a result of traumatic head injury constitutes one of the most critical emergencies in neurosurgery. However, there are only several reports that show the rapid disappearance of AEDH without surgical intervention. We suggest redistribution of hematoma through the overlying skull fractures as the mechanism of rapid disappearance of AEDH. A 13-year-old female fell from a height of about 2 m and presented with mild headache. A computed tomography (CT) scan performed 4 hours after the injury revealed an AEDH with an overlying fracture in the right temporal region and acute small hemorrhagic contusion in the left frontal region. A repeat CT scan 16 hours after injury revealed that the AEDH had almost completely disappeared and showed an increase in the epicranial hematoma. The patient was discharged 10 days after injury with no neurological deficits. This case is characterized by the rapid disappearance of an AEDH associated with an overlying skull fracture. We believe that the rapid disappearance of the AEDH is due to the redistribution of the hematoma, rather than its resolution or absorption, and fracture plays a key role in this process.Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society 03/2009; 45(2):96-8. · 0.60 Impact Factor
Article: Traumatic extradural hematoma - role of non-surgical management and reasons for conversion.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To study the role of conservative management and various reasons for conversion to surgical intervention in traumatic extradural hematoma (EDH). Government Medical College Jammu. One hundred-twenty trauma patients diagnosed as extradural hematoma on CT scan were managed during 1 year period. Role of conservative management and various reasons for conversion to surgical intervention were studied. Out of these 120 patients admitted 67 were managed conservatively, 53 cases were operated upon. 31 were operated upon immediately and 22 were operated upon as delayed. There was 1 death and 4 had poor outcome in this group of patients. It is stressed that small size <10 ml, GCS >12 and locations other than temporal area are the criteria for conservative management. Twenty-two patients out of 89 were needed to be treated surgically during the course of conservative management due to neurodeterioration, increase in size of hematoma on CT, bradycardia, hemiparesis, pupillary abnormalities, delay in referral and only 18% had poor outcome. A strict vigilance is to be kept for clinical deterioration and various reasons mentioned above are to be kept in mind and patients should be subjected to repeated CT scan. Early diagnosis and immediate surgical intervention had good outcome, which shows the fruitful results of early diagnosis and intervention.Indian Journal of Surgery 04/2010; 72(2):124-9. · 0.08 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Incidence of acute epidural hematoma is estimated as 1.5% of patients treated for head trauma. The condition can be fatal, and urgent surgical evacuation is recommended. Spontaneous resolution may occur in some cases. Herein, rapid spontaneous resolution of an epidural hematoma is reported and possible mechanisms are discussed.Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery: TJTES 05/2010; 16(3):280-2. · 0.33 Impact Factor