Comparison of obsessions and compulsions in patients with anorexia nervosa and obsessive compulsive disorder.
ABSTRACT Patients with anorexia nervosa (n = 18) and patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (n = 16) had similar scores on the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (19 + or - 9 vs. 22 + or - 6). This suggests that these disorders have similar magnitude of impairment from obsessions and compulsions; however, OCD patients endorsed a wide variety of obsessions and compulsions, whereas anorexics tended to endorse symptoms that were related to symmetry and order.
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ABSTRACT: This study compares the family functioning of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The study participants, who were all female, consisted of 15 patients with AN, 13 with BN, and 17 with OCD. Family functioning was assessed by using the Family Assessment Device self-rating scale. The study subjects also completed the Eating Attitudes Test. Subjects in the AN and BN groups did not differ statistically either from each other or from the OCD group in all 7 Family Assessment Device subscales. Patients with an eating disorder and OCD rated their family functioning in a similar way. It is difficult to conclude that patients with AN or BN have a specific type of family functioning, which is totally different from the family functioning of patients with OCD. Thus, the study results further support the idea that family interaction in eating disorders is not specific to these disorders, especially when compared with patients with OCD.Comprehensive Psychiatry 01/2007; 48(1):47-50. DOI:10.1016/j.comppsych.2006.05.004 · 2.26 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a severe and often chronic disorder with uncertain aetiology and poor prognosis. New approaches to the understanding of the disorder are needed in order to aid the development of more effective treatments. Several authors have suggested that AN has a considerable overlap with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and that this may reflect common neurobiological, genetic, or psychological elements. However, more recent studies have suggested that AN may have a closer relationship with obsessive-compulsive personality traits such as those found in obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD). In this paper, evidence for links between the three conditions is reviewed, suggestions for further research are outlined and possible implications for the treatment of AN are presented.Clinical Psychology Review 07/2002; 22(5):647-69. DOI:10.1016/S0272-7358(01)00112-X · 7.18 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Not Just Right Experiences (NJREs) are considered to be a perceptually tinged phenomenon mainly related to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The evidence of an association between NJREs and OCD or OC symptoms have been accumulating in the last few years, whereas there is a paucity of studies about the role of this construct in other clinical conditions considered part of the "OCD spectrum". In the current study, the NJRE-Q-R Severity scale (a well-validated measure of NJREs) was administered to 41 patients with OCD, 53 with hair-pulling disorder (HPD), 38 with gambling disorder (GD) and 43 with eating disorders (ED) along with measures of OC symptoms and general distress. In each group, NJREs were consistently associated with OC symptoms; moreover, the pattern of associations appeared coherent with the main clinical features of each disorder. The OCD group reported higher levels of NJREs severity than GD and ED, whereas there were no differences between the OCD and HPD groups. However, HPD patients did not have higher scores of NJREs severity than GD and ED counterparts. NJREs appear to be specific to OCD, but further study is needed to establish the role of this construct in OCD-related disorders. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.Journal of Anxiety Disorders 02/2015; 31:73-83. DOI:10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.02.002 · 2.96 Impact Factor