Residual arteriovenous fistulae after "closed" in situ bypass grafting: an overrated problem.

Department of Radiology, University Hospital Rotterdam Dijkzigt, The Netherlands.
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.82). 06/1997; 13(5):439-42. DOI: 10.1016/S1078-5884(97)80170-0
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To prospectively evaluate the incidence and consequences of residual arteriovenous (AV)-fistulae after "closed" in situ bypass grafting.
In 34 patients, 35 "closed" in situ bypasses were performed. Postoperative assessment of residual AV-fistulae and bypass patency was performed with duplex scanning.
Postoperative mortality was 3%. During 35 "closed" in situ bypass procedures 216 side branches were coil embolised. Postoperatively 39 AV-fistulae were detected (15% of the total number of 216 + 39 = 255 side branches). Of these, 13 (5%) closed spontaneously. Fifteen (6%) remained unchanged and 11 (4%) were treated. In three patients four asymptomatic residual AV-fistulae were treated. In four patients seven symptomatic AV-fistulae were treated for: decreased distal bypass flow in one; persistent leg oedema in one; pain and redness of the skin in two. One-year primary patency was 80% (SE 8.4%). Residual AV-fistulae were detected in none of six bypass occlusions during follow-up.
Residual AV-fistulae detected following "closed" in situ bypass grafting only need treatment if they are symptomatic, which is uncommon.

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