Interaction between neurons in different laminae of the dorsal horn of the spinal cord. A correlation study in normal and neuropathic rats.
ABSTRACT Simultaneous recordings of 135 pairs of units, located respectively in the superficial (I-IIo) and deep (V) laminae of the dorsal horn of the lumbar spinal cord of anaesthetized and paralysed animals, were performed both from normal (62 pairs) and from peripherally injured (chronically constricted sciatic nerve) rats (73 pairs). In each pair, one neuron was classified as nociceptive, responding only to noxious stimuli, and the other as a wide dynamic range neuron, responding to both non-noxious and noxious stimuli. To understand if some interaction was present between diverse neurons modulated by noxious inputs, we used cross-correlation techniques. The responses of simultaneously recorded pairs of units to suprathreshold (5 mA, 0.5 ms) electrical stimuli were used. A clearly delayed peak in the cross-correlograms of recordings from normal animals was present, indicating connectivity of superficial and deep-layer cells. This feature was not present in the cross-correlograms obtained from nerve-injured animals. Even if a specific pathway cannot be explicitly assigned to support these functional results, an overall connection between superficial and deep layers of the spinal cord is suggested. These connections are supposed to be either inactive or rearranged in the nerve-injured rats, thus suppressing a well timed coordinated connectivity. This anomaly could underlie a reduced degree of functional coherence in the modulation of nociceptive spinal inputs in cases of chronic pain.
Clinical Endocrinology News 01/2009; 4(12):22-22. DOI:10.1016/S1558-0164(09)70407-9
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ABSTRACT: Previous studies on correlation between spontaneous cord dorsum potentials recorded in the lumbar spinal segments of anaesthetized cats suggested the operation of a population of dorsal horn neurones that modulates, in a differential manner, transmission along pathways mediating Ib non-reciprocal postsynaptic inhibition and pathways mediating primary afferent depolarization and presynaptic inhibition (Chávez et al., 2012). To have further insight on the possible neuronal mechanisms that underlie this process, we have now measured changes in the correlation between the spontaneous activity of individual dorsal horn neurones and the cord dorsum potentials associated with intermittent activation of these inhibitory pathways. We found that high levels of neuronal synchronization within the dorsal horn are associated with states of incremented activity along the pathways mediating presynaptic inhibition relative to pathways mediating Ib postsynaptic inhibition. It is suggested that ongoing changes in the patterns of functional connectivity within a distributed ensemble of dorsal horn neurones play a relevant role in the state-dependent modulation of impulse transmission along inhibitory pathways, among them those involved in the central control of sensory information. This feature would allow the same neuronal network to be involved in different functional tasks. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.The Journal of Physiology 02/2015; 593(10). DOI:10.1113/jphysiol.2014.288134 · 4.54 Impact Factor