Molecular analysis of major histocompatibility complex allelic associations with systemic lupus erythematosus in Taiwan.
ABSTRACT To investigate the association of HLA class II alleles/haplotypes, type I C2 deficiency gene, and tumor necrosis factor a gene promoter allele (TNF2) with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the Chinese population in Taiwan.
The HLA-DRB1 and DQB1 alleles were studied in 105 SLE patients and 115 controls by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe method, the subtyping of DRB1*15/16 and DRB5 by PCR with sequence-specific primers, type I C2 deficiency gene by PCR, and TNF2 by PCR-Nco I restriction fragment length polymorphism.
The frequencies of the HLA class II alleles DRB1*02, DRB1*1502, DRB5*0102, DQB1*0501, and DQB1*0602 and DR2-associated haplotypes DRB1* 1501,DRB5*0101,DQB1*0602 and DRB1*1502,DRB5* 0102,DQB1*0501 were higher among SLE patients than among controls; however, only DQB1*0501 was statistically significantly associated with SLE. No specific allele/haplotype was significantly associated with lupus nephritis. No subject had type I C2 deficiency. SLE patients had a marginally higher percentage of TNF2, which was in linkage disequilibrium with DR3. Since DR3 was not associated with SLE in this Taiwanese Chinese population, TNF2 might play a role in the immunopathogenesis of SLE.
Although no HLA-DRB1 allele was found to be significantly associated with SLE, the associations with DQB1*0501 and TNF2 suggest that DQB1 and tumor necrosis factor a may be important genetic factors in SLE susceptibility in the Chinese population in Taiwan.
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ABSTRACT: Selective immunoglobulin A deficiency (IgAD) is the most common primary immunodeficiency in Caucasians with a prevalence of 1:600. However, the prevalence of IgAD is markedly lower in East Asian countries but no genetic studies have been performed on IgAD individuals in the Mongoloid population. We investigated the prevalence of IgAD in a large number of Chinese blood donors (n = 39,015) in Shanghai, China. We measured immunoglobulin class, IgG subclass and anti-IgA serum levels among the IgAD donors. These donors were subsequently tissue typed and the allele frequency was compared with the Shanghai bone marrow donor HLA registry. Seventeen IgAD Chinese blood donors were identified, giving a prevalence of 1: 2,295. Two previously identified IgAD blood donor samples were added in the subsequent tests. Most IgAD donors had serum IgG levels above the normal range with no major IgG subclass deficiency and one donor was weakly positive for anti-IgA. Two-thirds of the Chinese IgAD donors carried Caucasian IgAD associated risk haplotypes, including DRB1*0301-DQB1*0201, DRB1*0701-DQB1*0202 and DRB1*0102-DQB1*0501, giving a significantly higher frequency of these haplotypes as compared to the Shanghai bone marrow donor HLA registry. The prevalence of IgAD in Chinese in this study is markedly lower than in Caucasians. This is the first study to investigate the genetics of IgAD in the Mongoloid population and two-thirds of the Chinese IgAD donors showed a mixture of Caucasian IgAD risk haplotypes. The low prevalence of IgAD could potentially be due to the low frequency of the disease associated risk haplotypes in China.Journal of Clinical Immunology 01/2014; · 3.38 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Objective. To re-evaluate the roles of HLA-DRB1 alleles in susceptibility to SLE and RA and their effects on autoantibody status in large-scale Japanese cohorts.Methods. A total of 656 SLE, 2410 RA and 911 control subjects, who were all Japanese, were genotyped for HLA-DRB1 alleles using sequence-specific oligonucleotide probes. The association of alleles with disease susceptibility was tested by logistic regression analysis and by the relative predispositional effect method. The association with autoantibody status was examined by the standard χ(2) test.Results. HLA-DRB1*15:01, *09:01, *08:02 and *04:01 were significantly associated with SLE susceptibility, while shared epitope (SE) alleles and DRB1*09:01 were associated with RA susceptibility. The compound heterozygote of DRB1*09:01/*15:01 conferred an increased risk for SLE compared with the homozygotes for DRB1*09:01 and *15:01 and was associated with earlier onset of disease, whereas the compound effect of DRB1-SE/*09:01 was not clear in RA. DRB1*09:01 was significantly associated with the appearance of anti-Sm antibody in SLE as well as ACPA in RA, while protectively associated with anti-dsDNA antibody in SLE. No significant interaction was observed between DRB1*09:01 and smoking status for the appearance of ACPA, unlike that observed in SE alleles in RA.Conclusion. We identified HLA-DRB1 alleles associated with SLE and RA in a Japanese population and demonstrated a shared susceptibility of DRB1*09:01 between the diseases as well as its effect on autoantibody production.Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 02/2013; · 4.24 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Many studies on associations between human leukocyte antigen (HLA) allele frequencies and susceptibility to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been performed. However, few protective associations with HLA-DRB1 alleles have been reported. Here, we sought protective, as well as predispositional, alleles of HLA-DRB1 in Japanese SLE patients. An association study was conducted for HLA-DRB1 in Japanese SLE patients. Relative predispositional effects were analyzed by sequential elimination of carriers of each allele with the strongest association. We also explored the association of DRB1 alleles with SLE phenotypes including the presence of autoantibody and clinical manifestations. Significantly different carrier frequencies of certain DRB1 alleles were found to be associated with SLE as follows: increased DRB1*15:01 (P = 5.48×10(-10), corrected P (Pc) = 1.59×10(-8), odds ratio [OR] 2.17, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.69-2.79), decreased DRB1*13:02 (P = 7.17×10(-5), Pc = 0.0020, OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.34-0.63) and decreased DRB1*14:03 (P = 0.0010, Pc = 0.0272, OR 0.34, 95% CI 0.18-0.63). Additionally, the "*15:01/*13:02 or *14:03" genotype tended to be negatively associated with SLE (P = 0.4209, OR 0.66), despite there being significant positive associations with *15:01 when present together with alleles other than *13:02 or *14:03 (P = 1.79×10(-11), OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.84-3.10). This protective effect of *13:02 and *14:03 was also confirmed in SLE patients with different clinical phenotypes. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a protective association between the carrier frequencies of HLA-DRB1*13:02 and *14:03 and SLE in the Japanese population.PLoS ONE 01/2014; 9(2):e87792. · 3.73 Impact Factor