Distribution of beta-adrenoceptor subtypes in gastrointestinal tract of nondiabetic and diabetic BB rats. A longitudinal study.
ABSTRACT The effects of aging and diabetes on the distribution of beta-adrenoceptor subtypes in the gut were investigated in the BB rat. [125I]Cyanopindolol binding to 10-micron sections was evaluated using film autoradiography. Cyanopindolol binding to beta-, beta 1-, and beta 2-adrenoceptors was displaced by 1 microM propranolol, 50 nM ICI-89-406, and 100 nM ICI-118-551, respectively. beta-Adrenoceptor binding was highest in the circular muscle of proximal colon and lowest in the pylorus of 4- to 5-month-old rats. Aging (8- to 10-month-old vs. 4- to 5-month-old rats) was associated with increased beta-adrenoceptor binding in the pylorus and reduced binding in the proximal colon. Diabetes had a time-dependent effect on the level of beta-adrenoceptor binding. It was increased in the antral and pyloric stomach but longer periods of diabetes caused a reduction in beta-adrenoceptor binding in the pylorus. Those in the intestine were reduced time-dependently and involved beta 1- or beta 2-adrenoceptors or both.
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ABSTRACT: Adrenergic stimulation of electrogenic K+ secretion in isolated mucosa from guinea pig distal colon required activation of two beta-adrenergic receptor subtypes (beta-AdrR). Addition of epinephrine (epi) or norepinephrine (norepi) to the bathing solution of mucosae in Ussing chambers increased short-circuit current (Isc) and transepithelial conductance (Gt), consistent with this cation secretion. A beta-adrenergic classification was supported by propranolol antagonism of this secretory response and the lack of effect by the alpha-AdrR antagonists BE2254 (alpha1-AdrR) and yohimbine (alpha2-AdrR). Subtype-selective antagonists CGP20712A (beta1-AdrR), ICI-118551 (beta2-AdrR), and SR59320A (beta3-AdrR) were relatively ineffective at inhibiting the epi-stimulated Isc response. In combination, CGP20712A and ICI-118551 inhibited the response, which supported a synergistic action by beta1-AdrR and beta2-AdrR. Expression of mRNA for both beta1-AdrR and beta2-AdrR was indicated by RT-PCR of RNA from colonic epithelial cells. Protein expression was indicated by immunoblot showing bands at molecular weights consistent with monomers and oligomers. Immunoreactivity (ir) for beta1-AdrR and beta2-AdrR was prominent in basolateral membranes of columnar epithelial cells in the crypts of Lieberkühn as well as intercrypt surface epithelium. Cells in the pericryptal sheath also had beta1-AdrR(ir) but did not have discernable beta2-AdrR(ir). The adrenergic sensitivity of K+ secretion measured by Isc and Gt was relatively low as indicated by EC(50)s of 41 +/- 7 nM for epi and 50 +/- 14 nM for norepi. Adrenergic activation of electrogenic K+ secretion required the involvement of both beta1-AdrR and beta2-AdrR, occurring with an agonist sensitivity reduced compared with reported values for either receptor subtype.AJP Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 06/2009; 297(2):G269-77. · 3.65 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dopamine, an important modulator in the gastrointestinal system, induces concentration-dependent transepithelial ion transport in the distal colon of the rat, as shown by a decrease in the short-circuit current, and acts in a segmentally dependent manner. However, the receptor(s) that mediates dopamine-induced ion transport is unknown. We have investigated the receptor mechanisms underlying dopamine-induced colonic ion transport by means of short-circuit current recording, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and Western blotting analysis, plus gene transfection and enzyme-linked immunosorbance assay. mRNA transcripts of adrenoceptors (alpha, beta) and dopaminergic receptors (D(1) and D(2)) were detected in the rat late distal colonic mucosa, with beta(2) displaying the highest expression. A similar result was found in human colorectal mucosa (equivalent of late distal colon in rat). Pretreatment with a beta(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist (CGP-20712A) and a beta(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist (ICI 118,551) inhibited the dopamine-induced short-circuit current response by 52.59% and 92.51%, respectively. However, neither dopamine D(1) receptor antagonist SCH-23390 nor dopamine D(2) receptor antagonist sulpiride blocked the effect of dopamine. Protein expression of both beta(1)- and beta(2)-adrenoceptors was found in the mucosa of rat distal colon and human sigmoid colon and rectum. Dopamine significantly increased intracellular cAMP levels in COS-7 cells transfected with beta(1)- or beta(2)-adrenoceptors. Thus, beta-adrenoceptors (mainly beta(2)-adrenoceptors), but not dopamine receptors, mediate dopamine-induced ion transport in the late distal colon of the rat. This extends our knowledge of the late distal colon (rats) or colorectum (human) and provides further experimental evidence that might aid the prevention, diagnosis, and clinical therapy of human colorectal diseases.Cell and Tissue Research 11/2008; 334(1):25-35. · 3.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Dipyrone (Dp), 4-aminoantipyrine (AA), and antipyrine (At) delay liquid gastric emptying (GE) in rats. We evaluated adrenergic participation in this phenomenon in a study in male Wistar rats (250-300 g) pretreated subcutaneously with guanethidine (GUA), 100 mg·kg-1·day-1, or vehicle (V) for 2 days before experimental treatments. Other groups of animals were pretreated intravenously (iv) 15 min before treatment with V, prazosin (PRA; 1 mg/kg), yohimbine (YOH; 3 mg/kg), or propranolol (PRO; 4 mg/kg), or with intracerebroventricular (icv) administration of 25 µg PRO or V. The groups were treated iv with saline or with 240 µmol/kg Dp, AA, or At. GE was determined 10 min later by measuring the percentage of gastric retention (%GR) of saline labeled with phenol red 10 min after gavage. %GR (mean±SE, n=8) indicated that GUA abolished the effect of Dp (GUA vs V=31.7±1.6 vs 47.1±2.3%) and of At (33.2±2.3 vs 54.7±3.6%) on GE and significantly reduced the effect of AA (48.1±3.2 vs 67.2±3.1%). PRA and YOH did not modify the effect of the drugs. %GR (mean±SE, n=8) indicated that iv, but not icv, PRO abolished the effect of Dp (PRO vs V=29.1±1.7 vs 46.9±2.7%) and At (30.5±1.7 vs 49±3.2%) and significantly reduced the effect of AA (48.4±2.6 vs 59.5±3.1%). These data suggest activation of peripheral β-adrenoceptors in the delayed GE induced by phenylpyrazolone derivatives.Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas / Sociedade Brasileira de Biofisica ... [et al.] 09/2013; 46(9):735-8. · 1.08 Impact Factor