Identification of the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) gene. The European Consortium on MEN1.
ABSTRACT Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterised by tumours of the parathyroids, pancreas and anterior pituitary that represents one of the familial cancer syndromes. The MEN1 locus has been previously localised to chromosome 11q13, and a <300 kb gene-rich region flanked centromerically by PYGM and telomerically by D11S1783 defined by combined meiotic and tumour deletion mapping studies. Two candidate genes, ZFM1 and PPP2R5B, from this region have been previously excluded, and in order to identify additional candidate genes we used a BAC to isolate cDNAs from a bovine parathyroid cDNA library by direct selection. One of the novel genes that we identified, SCG2, proved to be identical to the recently published MEN1 gene, which is likely to be a tumour suppressor gene. The SCG2 transcript was 2.9 kb in all tissues with an additional 4.2 kb transcript also being present in the pancreas and thymus. Mutational analysis of SCG2 in 10 unrelated MEN1 families identified one polymorphism and nine different heterozygous mutations (one missense, four non-sense, one insertional and three deletional frameshifts) that segregated with the disease, hence providing an independent confirmation for the identification of the MEN1 gene.
- SourceAvailable from: Inga-Lena Nilsson[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this study, we genetically characterized parathyroid adenomas with large glandular weights, for which independent observations suggest pronounced clinical manifestations. Large parathyroid adenomas (LPTAs) were defined as the 5% largest sporadic parathyroid adenomas identified among the 590 cases operated in our institution during 2005-2009. The LPTA group showed a higher relative number of male cases and significantly higher levels of total plasma and ionized serum calcium (P<0.001). Further analysis of 21 LPTAs revealed low MIB1 proliferation index (0.1-1.5%), MEN1 mutations in five cases, and one HRPT2 (CDC73) mutation. Total or partial loss of parafibromin expression was observed in ten tumors, two of which also showed loss of APC expression. Using array CGH, we demonstrated recurrent copy number alterations most frequently involving loss in 1p (29%), gain in 5 (38%), and loss in 11q (33%). Totally, 21 minimal overlapping regions were defined for losses in 1p, 7q, 9p, 11, and 15q and gains in 3q, 5, 7p, 8p, 16q, 17p, and 19q. In addition, 12 tumors showed gross alterations of entire or almost entire chromosomes most frequently gain of 5 and loss of chromosome 11. While gain of 5 was the most frequent alteration observed in LPTAs, it was only detected in a small proportion (4/58 cases, 7%) of parathyroid adenomas. A significant positive correlation was observed between parathyroid hormone level and total copy number gain (r=0.48, P=0.031). These results support that LPTAs represent a group of patients with pronounced parathyroid hyperfunction and associated with specific genomic features.Endocrine Related Cancer 03/2012; 19(3):389-407. DOI:10.1530/ERC-11-0140 · 4.91 Impact Factor
- Acute Leukemia - The Scientist's Perspective and Challenge, 12/2011; , ISBN: 978-953-307-553-2
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: MLL is involved in chromosomal rearrangements that generate fusion proteins with deregulated transcriptional activity. The mechanisms of MLL fusion protein-mediated transcriptional activation are poorly understood. Here we show MLL interacts directly with the polymerase associated factor complex (PAFc) through sequences flanking the CxxC domain. PAFc interacts with RNA polymerase II and stimulates posttranslational histone modifications. PAFc augments MLL and MLL-AF9 mediated transcriptional activation of Hoxa9. Conversely, knockdown of PAFc disrupts MLL fusion protein-mediated transcriptional activation and MLL recruitment to target loci. PAFc gene expression is downregulated during hematopoiesis and likely serves to regulate MLL function. Deletions of MLL that abolish interactions with PAFc also eliminate MLL-AF9 mediated immortalization indicating an essential function for this interaction in leukemogenesis.Cancer cell 06/2010; 17(6):609-21. DOI:10.1016/j.ccr.2010.04.012 · 23.89 Impact Factor