A Randomized Trial of Office-Based Screening for Common Problems in Older Persons
ABSTRACT To test the effectiveness of a 10-minute office-staff administered screen to evaluate malnutrition/weight loss, visual impairment, hearing loss, cognitive impairment, urinary incontinence, depression, physical limitations, and reduced leg mobility among older persons seen in office practice. This screen was coupled with clinical summaries to assist the physician in further evaluating and managing the screen-included problems.
Twenty-six community-based office practices of internists and family physicians in Los Angeles were randomized to intervention or control groups. Two hundred and sixty-one patients aged > or = 70 years and seeing these physicians for a new visit or a physical examination participated in the study. At the enrollment visit intervention group patients were administered the screening measure and their physicians were given the pertinent clinical summaries. Outcome measures were detection of, and intervention for conditions screened, and health status 6 months after the intervention.
Hearing loss was both more commonly detected (40% intervention versus 28% control) and further evaluated (29% versus 16%) by physicians in the intervention group (P < 0.05). No other differences in the frequency of problem detection or intervention were noted between groups. Six months after the intervention no differences were noted in health status between groups.
A brief measure to screen for common conditions in older persons was associated with more frequent detection and follow-up assessment of hearing loss. Although the measure was well accepted by physicians and their staffs, it did not appear to affect detection and intervention in regard to the other screen-included conditions, or health status at 6 months.
- SourceAvailable from: Mara A Schonberg
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- "Several studies have examined ways to improve health promotion among adults in primary care (Dubey et al., 2006; Robinson et al., 2001). Recommendations include physician education seminars (Kersey et al., 1999), preventive health check lists (Miller et al., 2000; Moore & Siu, 1996), computer reminders (Dexter et al., 2001), use of non-physician staff to screen for disease (Moore et al., 1997), addressing preventive health topics at multiple visits (Reuben et al., 2003), and maintaining a periodic health examination (Sox et al., 1997). In our practice we use computer reminders and preventive health check lists to help improve delivery of preventive health services to our patients. "
ABSTRACT: We sought to examine the use of preventive health services among older women and to assess how age and illness burden influence care patterns. The charts of 299 women aged > or =80 and 229 women aged 65-79 years who did not have dementia or terminal illness at 1 academic primary care practice in Boston were reviewed between July and December 2005 to determine receipt of screening tests (e.g., mammography), counseling on healthy lifestyle (e.g., exercise), and/or geriatric health issues (e.g., incontinence), and immunizations. Illness burden was quantified using the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI). Women aged > or =80 were more likely than women aged 65-79 to have a CCI of > or =3 (24.0% vs. 16.7%) and were less likely to receive all screening tests. However, receipt of mammography (47.8%) and colon cancer screening (51.2%) was still common among women aged > or =80 and was not targeted to older women in good health. Women aged > or =80 were less likely to be screened for depression (adjusted relative risk [aRR] 0.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.5-0.8), osteoporosis (aRR, 0.6; 95% CI, 0.5-0.9), or counseled about exercise (aRR 0.8; 95% CI, 0.6-0.9) than younger women, but were more likely to receive counseling about falls (aRR 1.9; 95% CI, 1.4-2.6) and/or incontinence (aRR 1.8; 95% CI, 1.2-2.6). However notes documenting discussions about mood (28.6%), exercise (40.0%), falls (28.8%), or incontinence (20.8%) were low among all women. In a comprehensive review of preventive health measures for elderly women, many in poor health were screened for cancer. Meanwhile, many older women were not screened for depression or counseled about exercise, falls, or incontinence. There is a need to improve delivery of preventive health care to older women.Women s Health Issues 07/2008; 18(4):249-56. DOI:10.1016/j.whi.2007.12.004 · 1.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate two performance-based measures of functional status and assess their correlation with self-report measures. Cross-sectional study. Of the 363 community-dwelling elders enrolled in a trial of comprehensive geriatric assessment who participated, all had at least one of four target conditions (urinary incontinence, depression, impaired functional status, or history of falling). Two performance-based measures, National Institute on Aging (NIA) Battery, and Physical Performance Test (PPT), and three self-report functional status measures, basic and intermediate activities of daily living and the Short-Form-36 (SF-36) physical functioning subscale, were used. Measures of restricted activity days, patient satisfaction and perceived efficacy were also used. All measures were internally consistent. There was a high correlation between the NIA and PPT (kappa = 0.71), while correlations between the performance-based and self-report measures ranged from 0.37 to 0.50. When patients with values above the median on the two performance-based measures were compared with those below, there were significant differences (p </=.0001) for age, number of medications, and the physical function, pain, general health, and physical role function SF-36 subscales. Performance-based measures correlated highly with each other and moderately with questionnaire-based measures. Performance-based measures also had construct validity and did not suffer from floor or ceiling effects.Journal of General Internal Medicine 12/1998; 13(12):817-23. DOI:10.1046/j.1525-1497.1998.00245.x · 3.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The demand for health care outcomes assessment is increasing, driven by the proliferation of managed care as a form of health care financing. Providers, consumers, and payers can use health care outcomes to improve the efficiency and quality of care, spur performance improvement, and demonstrate accountability. This review introduces health outcomes and focuses on one particular outcome—pediatric health-related quality of life (HRQOL), exemplified by the PedsQL, a brief, practical, reliable, valid, and responsive measure of pediatric HRQOL. HRQOL measurement has the potential, in pediatric clinical practice, to improve assessment, clinical management, and treatment evaluation if practical, conceptual, and empirical challenges are addressed. These issues are discussed and directions for future research are described that would demonstrate the value of HRQOL measurement in pediatric clinical settings.Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings 02/2000; 7(1):17-27. DOI:10.1023/A:1009541218764 · 1.49 Impact Factor