Neurophysiological classification of carpal tunnel syndrome: assessment of 600 symptomatic hands.
ABSTRACT Following the AAEM electrodiagnostic guidelines, we developed a neurophysiological classification of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Six hundred hands with clinical CTS (mean age 51.4 yr., female/male ratio 5.5/1, right/left ratio 1.8/1) were prospectively evaluated and divided into six classes of severity only on the basis of median nerve electrodiagnostic findings: extreme CTS (EXT-absence of thenar motor responses), severe CTS (SEV-absence of sensory response and abnormal distal motor latency-DML), moderate CTS (MOD-abnormal digit-wrist conduction and abnormal DML), mild CTS (MILD-abnormal digit wrist conduction and normal DML), minimal CTS (MIN-exclusive abnormal segmental and/or comparative study), and negative CTS (NEG-normal findings at all tests). Using this neurophysiological classification, the CTS groups appeared normally distributed (EXT 3% of cases, SEV 14%, MOD 36%, MILD 24%, MIN 21%, NEG 3%), and the age of patients and clinical findings appeared to be related to neurophysiological abnormalities. Significant differences in median neurophysiological parameters not included in the classification (such as palm-wrist sensory conduction velocity) were observed in the different CTS groups. The analysis of the groups showed that: 1) the majority of advanced cases (SEV and EXT) occurred in older patients (60-80 years), 2) most of the milder cases (MIN and MILD) occurred in young female patients. The aim of this study was to standardise the neurophysiological evaluation of CTS.
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ABSTRACT: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most commonly diagnosed disabling condition of the upper extremities. It is the most commonly known and prevalent type of peripheral entrapment neuropathy that accounts for about 90% of all entrapment neuropathies. This review aims to provide an outline of CTS by considering anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical manifestation, diagnostic modalities and management of this common condition, with an emphasis on the diagnostic imaging evaluation.World journal of radiology. 06/2014; 6(6):284-300.
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ABSTRACT: The distribution of sensory symptoms in carpal tunnel syndrome is strongly dependent on the degree of electrophysiological dysfunction of the median nerve. The association between carpal tunnel syndrome and ulnar nerve entrapment is still unclear. In this study, we measured ulnar nerve function in 82 patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. The patients were divided into group I with minimal carpal tunnel syndrome (n = 35) and group II with mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (n = 47) according to electrophysiological data. Sixty-one age- and sex-matched subjects without carpal tunnel syndrome were used as a control group. There were no significant differences in ulnar sensory nerve peak latencies or conduction velocities from the 4(th) and 5(th) fingers between patients with carpal tunnel syndrome and the control group. The ulnar sensory nerve action potential amplitudes from the 4(th) and 5(th) fingers were lower in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome than in the control group. The ratios of the ulnar sensory nerve action potential amplitudes from the 4(th) and 5(th) fingers were almost the same in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome as in the control group. These findings indicate that in patients with minimal to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome, there is some electrophysiological evidence of traction on the adjacent ulnar nerve fibers. The findings do not indicate axonal degeneration of the ulnar nerve.Neural Regeneration Research 05/2013; 8(15):1418-22. · 0.14 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The clinical characteristics of wild-type transthyretin amyloid deposition among patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) have not been well investigated.Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association. 08/2014;