Localization of the major NF-kappa B-activating site and the sole TRAF3 binding site of LMP-1 defines two distinct signaling motifs
ABSTRACT The TRAF3 molecule interacts with the cytoplasmic carboxyl terminus (COOH terminus) of the Epstein-Barr virus-encoded oncogene LMP-1. NF-kappaB activation is a downstream signaling event of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor (TRAF) molecules in other signaling systems (CD40 for example) and is an event caused by LMP-1 expression. One region capable of TRAF3 interaction in LMP-1 is the membrane-proximal 45 amino acids (188-242) of the COOH terminus. We show that this region contains the only site for binding of TRAF3 in the 200-amino acid COOH terminus of LMP-1. The site also binds TRAF2 and TRAF5, but not TRAF6. TRAF3 binds to critical residues localized between amino acids 196 and 212 (HHDDSLPHPQQATDDSG), including the PXQX(T/S) motif, that share limited identity to the CD40 receptor TRAF binding site (TAAPVQETL). Mutation of critical residues in the TRAF3 binding site of LMP-1 that prevents binding of TRAF2, TRAF3, and TRAF5 does not affect NF-kappaB-activating potential. Deletion mapping localized the major NF-kappaB activating region of LMP-1 to critical residues in the distal 4 amino acids of the COOH terminus (383-386). Therefore, TRAF3 binding and NF-kappaB activation occur through two separate motifs at opposite ends of the LMP-1 COOH-terminal sequence.
- SourceAvailable from: Masahiro Fujimuro[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) activates NF-kappaB signaling pathways through the two C-terminal regions, CTAR1 and CTAR2. BS69 has previously been shown to be involved in LMP1-induced c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation through CTAR2 by interacting with tumor necrosis factor (TNFR) receptor-associated factor 6. In the present study, our manipulation of BS69 expression clearly indicates that BS69 negatively regulates LMP1-mediated NF-kappaB activation and up-regulates IL-6 mRNA expression and IkappaB degradation. Our immunoprecipitation experiments suggest that BS69 decreases complex formation between LMP1 and TNFR-associated death domain protein (TRADD).FEBS letters 05/2009; 583(10):1567-74. DOI:10.1016/j.febslet.2009.04.022 · 3.34 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) is essential for the immortalization of human B cells and is linked etiologically to several human tumors. LMP1 is an integral membrane protein which acts like a constitutively active receptor. It binds tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-receptor-associated factors (TRAFs), activates NF-kappaB and triggers the transcription factor AP-1 via the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) cascade, but its specific contribution to B-cell immortalization has not been elucidated fully. To address the function of LMP1, we established B cell lines with a novel mini-EBV plasmid in which the LMP1 gene can be regulated at will without affecting the expression of other latent EBV genes. We demonstrate here that continuous expression of LMP1 is essential for the proliferation of EBV-immortalized B cells in vitro. Re-induction of LMP1 expression or activation of the cellular CD40 receptor both induce the JNK signaling cascade, activate the transcription factor NF-kappaB and stimulate proliferation of these B cells. Our findings strongly suggest that LMP1 mimics B-cell activation processes which are physiologically triggered by CD40-CD40 ligand signals. Since LMP1 acts in a ligand-independent manner, it replaces the T cell-derived activation signal to sustain indefinite B-cell proliferation.The EMBO Journal 03/1998; 17(6):1700-9. DOI:10.1093/emboj/17.6.1700 · 10.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1) of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a viral oncoprotein implicated in several EBV-associated pathologies. Many studies have characterized carboxy-terminal mutations within LMP1, errors in this area are critical since this portion contains sequences responsible for LMP1 targeting, half-life and association with host cell proteins. Although, data suggests that mutations in this area extend LMP1 half-life and increase its oncogenesis, some studies have not shown this to be true for all EBV-associated tumors. In order to evaluate 3'-end LMP1-DNA mutations in three different ethnic populations with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), we examined EBV-DNA in 34 patients of various origins (Caucasian, Chinese and Inuit). While 68% of the total group expressed EBV-antigens, only 56% of Caucasians but 86% of Inuit expressed this viral protein. Over 67% of Inuit NPC tissue contained the characteristic 30 bp deletion that was observed in only 20% of Caucasians and 33% of Chinese samples. DNA sequencing revealed that the Inuit population showed the most frequent DNA mutations and corresponding amino acid alterations in LMP1. Our results suggest that EBV-associated NPC-DNA mutations in LMP1 do not occur at equal rates in different racial groups and are more common at distinct sites in NPC tissue from Chinese and Inuit sources.Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 01/2001; 457(1-2):69-78. DOI:10.1016/S0027-5107(00)00129-9 · 4.44 Impact Factor