Ex vivo partial nephrectomy and partial kidney autotransplantation for renal pelvic carcinoma in a functionally solitary kidney: case report.
ABSTRACT A 46-year-old Japanese man was diagnosed with a left renal pelvic carcinoma and a contralateral hypoplastic kidney. The tumor was adjacent to the renal pelvis and was considered too difficult to completely resect in situ. The patient was treated by ex vivo partial nephrectomy of the left kidney followed by autotransplantation of the remaining renal segment. A pathologic evaluation revealed a transitional cell carcinoma, G2, pT3. Graft function recovered satisfactorily postautotransplantation and no significant complications developed during the postoperative period. The patient is alive and doing well 12 months postoperatively with no evidence of tumor recurrence.