Radiotherapy for painful bone metastases: A systematic review

University of Oxford, Churchill Hospital, UK.
Clinical Oncology (Impact Factor: 3.4). 02/1997; 9(3):150-4. DOI: 10.1016/S0936-6555(97)80070-2
Source: PubMed
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    • "Elle permet une action antalgique [55] rapide, ainsi qu'une reconstruction osseuse dans un deuxième temps : .l'action antalgique rapide passe par une action antiinflammatoire avec destruction de cellules radiosensibles , en particulier les macrophages qui secrètent des médiateurs de la douleur comme les prostaglandines : c'est pourquoi le schéma d'une séance de 8 Gy montre dans les essais randomisés un effet antalgique analogue à des schémas plus longs. "
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    ABSTRACT: Average 20% of the cancer patients will have bone metastasis most of time painful and with variable clinical expressions. Due to animal models, the bone metastasis pain is better known and it explains the different treatments mechanisms. After a suitable evaluation of the pain, several therapeutic approaches can be suggested. In addition to the classical analgesics, several medications are known to be efficient in few indications like neuropathic pain. Besides a local surgery, an external radiotherapy or an interventional radiology treatment can often be useful along with a medical treatment. When there is a bone progression, the anti-cancer treatment by chemotherapy, hormonotherapy or targeted therapies must always be reviewed, because if efficient it could have an analgesic action.
    Progrès en Urologie 11/2008; 18. DOI:10.1016/S1166-7087(08)74574-3 · 0.66 Impact Factor
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    • "They include local or systemic radiotherapy, narcotics, and systemic therapy, such as chemotherapy, hormones and bisphosphonates. However, no optimal treatment strategy has been identi®ed and studies which compare different treatment modalities are lacking [6] [32] [39] [40]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Palliative radiotherapy constitutes nearly 50% of the workload in radiotherapy. Surveys on the patterns of practice in radiotherapy have been published from North America and Europe. Our objective was to determine the current pattern of practice of radiation oncologists in Canada for the palliation of bone metastases. A survey was sent to 300 practicing radiation oncologists in Canada. Five case scenarios were presented. The first three were patients with a single symptomatic site: breast cancer patient with pelvic metastasis, lung cancer male with metastasis to L3 and L1, respectively. The last two were breast and prostate cancer patients with multiple symptomatic bone metastases. A total of 172 questionnaires were returned (57%) for a total of 860 responses. For the three cases with a single painful bone metastasis, over 98% would prescribe radiotherapy. The doses ranged from a single 8 to 30 Gy in ten fractions. Of the 172 respondents, 117 (68%) would use the same dose fractionation for all three cases, suggesting that they had a standard dose fractionation for palliative radiotherapy. The most common dose fractionation was 20 Gy in five fractions used by 84/117 (72%), and 8 Gy in one fraction by 19/117 (16%). In all five case scenarios, 81% would use a short course of radiotherapy (single 8 Gy, 17%; 20 Gy in five fractions, 64%), while 10% would prescribe 30 Gy in ten fractions. For the two cases with diffuse symptomatic bone metastases, half body irradiation (HBI) and radionuclides were recommended more frequently in prostate cancer than in breast cancer (46/172 vs. 4/172, P<0. 0001; and 93/172 vs. 10/172, P<0.0001, respectively). Strontium was the most commonly recommended radionuclide (98/103=95%). Since systemic radionuclides are not readily available in our health care system, 41/98 (42%) of radiation oncologists who would recommend strontium were not familiar with the dose. Bisphosphonates were recommended more frequently in breast cancer than in prostate cancer 13/172 (8%) vs. 1/172 (0.6%), P=0.001. Local field external radiotherapy remains the mainstay of therapy, and the most common fractionation for bone metastases in Canada is 20 Gy in five fractions compared with 30 Gy in ten fractions in the US. Despite randomized trials showing similar results for single compared with fractionated radiotherapy, the majority of us still advocate five fractions. The frequency of employing a single fractionation has not changed since the last national survey in 1992. Nearly 70% use a standard dose fractionation to palliate localized painful metastasis by radiotherapy, independent of the site of involvement or tumor type. The pattern of practice of palliative radiotherapy for bone metastases in Canada is different to that reported previously from the US. The reasons why the results of randomized studies on bone metastases have no impact on the patterns of practice are worth exploring.
    Radiotherapy and Oncology 10/2000; 56(3):305-14. DOI:10.1016/S0167-8140(00)00238-3 · 4.36 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In 75% of the patients with bone metastases (BM) pain is the dominant symptom. Radiotherapy (XRT) plays a major role in the palliation of pain in patients with BM. Several schedules of short and long fractionation XRT are used in clinical practice, with hypofractionated treatments being even more attractive for practical reasons. A considerable body of evidence supports the clinical use of short schedules and single-dose XRT. We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of two short fractionated schedules of 8 Gy as a single dose and 20 Gy in 5 fractions in relieving pain in patients with multiple uncomplicated BM. From January to December 2001, 130 patients with 146 painful BM were treated with palliative localized XRT. There were 42 males and 88 females with a median age of 58 years (range 28-84). The commonest sites of treatment were the spine (59.6%) and pelvis (14.4%). The primary endpoint was clinically significant pain relief in the first six months of follow-up evaluated with the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) pain measurement score measuring pain severity and pain frequency. Analgesic use was also recorded before and after treatment as drug frequency and drug severity. Patients with painful BM from any primary tumor site were irradiated. Treatment schedules consisted of a course of XRT with 4 Gy/fraction/day (total dose: 20 Gy/5 fractions) (group A, 59 lesions) or with a single dose of 8 Gy (group B, 87 lesions). There was no significant difference in complete response (CR) rates between treatment schedules: complete pain relief was achieved in 17/59 lesions (29%) in the fractionated group and in 29/87 lesions (33%) in the single-dose group. Also the overall response (complete + partial) was similar: 35/59 lesions (60%) in group A and 60/87 (69%) in group B. The minimum, maximum and median follow-up was 3, 23, and 9 months, respectively, for group A and 3, 20, and 11 months for group B. The actuarial median duration of pain relief was similar: 4.5 months in group A and 4 months in group B. No particular side effects were recorded in either group. There were no differences between the two fractionation schedules used in our study with regard to pain relief and use of analgesics. Palliation of pain was obtained in approximately two thirds of patients with both schedules, providing further evidence of the similar efficacy between single and multiple fractions. With regard to pain response these data justify a recommendation for the use of a more simple and convenient 8 Gy single fraction for the palliation of uncomplicated BM.
    Tumori 01/2004; 90(1):91-5. · 1.27 Impact Factor
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