Eosinophil cationic protein and histamine after intestinal challenge in patients with cow's milk intolerance.
ABSTRACT Mast cells and eosinophils are key cells in the development of active symptoms in allergic diseases and other inflammatory conditions, and they mediate their action through the release of very potent granule constituents.
Five patients with milk-related gastrointestinal symptoms diagnosed by double-blind placebo-controlled milk challenges, but with negative responses to skin prick tests and RASTs with milk, and eight healthy control subjects were investigated. Repeated perfusion studies were performed with a two-balloon, six-channel tube by using milk, casein, and whey as antigens. Luminal eosinophil cationic protein, histamine, and albumin were measured by radioimmunoassay.
Luminal cow's milk induced a pronounced increase in intestinal secretion of histamine and eosinophil cationic protein in patients, but not control subjects, during the first 20 minutes after challenge (histamine from 123 +/- 12 to 543 +/- 175 ng/cm, hr; eosinophil cationic protein from 80 +/- 23 to 686 +/- 262 ng/cm, hr). Albumin, as a marker of plasma leakage, was also significantly increased.
These data indicate that mast cells and eosinophils are effector cells not only in patients with allergic disease but also in patients intolerant to foods and lacking circulating antibodies. The underlying mechanisms may be a reaction mediated by locally appearing antibodies or an immunologic activation resembling that found in intestinal disorders such as celiac disease.
- Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 03/1990; 85(2):422-36. · 12.05 Impact Factor
- Allergy 02/1994; 49(1):1-8. · 5.88 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In the current series of experiments we investigated the role of bradykinin in airway hyperresponsiveness induced by human eosinophil-granule major basic protein (MBP). Bronchoalveolar lavage was performed after intratracheal instillation of MBP or poly-L-lysine in anesthetized, intubated rats, and levels of immunoreactive kinins and kallikrein-like activity were determined. Both MBP and poly-L-lysine induced a three- and eightfold increase in levels of kallikrein-like activity and i-kinins, respectively. To determine whether kinin production is required for the development of airway hyperresponsiveness induced by cationic proteins, dose-response curves to methacholine were constructed before and 1 h after intratracheal instillation of either MBP or poly-L-lysine (100 micrograms). MBP and poly-L-lysine induced an increase in airway responsiveness, which was inhibited by pretreatment with a selective BK-2 receptor antagonist, NPC 17713 (250 micrograms/ml). Our results demonstrate that MBP and poly-L-lysine activate kallikrein and stimulate the generation of i-kinins in vivo, an effect that may be related to the cationic charge of these proteins. Furthermore, the ability of these proteins to increase airway responsiveness appears to be dependent on the generation of i-kinins.Journal of Clinical Investigation 05/1995; 95(4):1735-40. · 12.81 Impact Factor