Monoallelically expressed gene related to p53 at 1p36, a region frequently deleted in neuroblastoma and other human cancers.

Sanofi Recherche, Labege, France.
Cell (Impact Factor: 33.12). 09/1997; 90(4):809-19. DOI: 10.1016/S0092-8674(00)80540-1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We describe a gene encoding p73, a protein that shares considerable homology with the tumor suppressor p53. p73 maps to 1p36, a region frequently deleted in neuroblastoma and other tumors and thought to contain multiple tumor suppressor genes. Our analysis of neuroblastoma cell lines with 1p and p73 loss of heterozygosity failed to detect coding sequence mutations in remaining p73 alleles. However, the demonstration that p73 is monoallelically expressed supports the notion that it is a candidate gene in neuroblastoma. p73 also has the potential to activate p53 target genes and to interact with p53. We propose that the disregulation of p73 contributes to tumorigenesis and that p53-related proteins operate in a network of developmental and cell cycle controls.

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    ABSTRACT: p53 is an important tumor suppressor gene, which is stimulated by cellular stress like ionizing radiation, hypoxia, carcinogens, and oxidative stress. Upon activation, p53 leads to cell-cycle arrest and promotes DNA repair or induces apoptosis via several pathways. p63 and p73 are structural homologs of p53 that can act similarly to the protein and also hold functions distinct from p53. Today more than 40 different isoforms of the p53 family members are known. They result from transcription via different promoters and alternative splicing. Some isoforms have carcinogenic properties and mediate resistance to chemotherapy. Therefore, expression patterns of the p53 family genes can offer prognostic information in several malignant tumors. Furthermore, the p53 family constitutes a potential target for cancer therapy. Small molecules (e.g., Nutlins, RITA, PRIMA-1, and MIRA-1 among others) have been objects of intense research interest in recent years. They restore pro-apoptotic wild-type p53 function and were shown to break chemotherapeutic resistance. Due to p53 family interactions small molecules also influence p63 and p73 activity. Thus, the members of the p53 family are key players in the cellular stress response in cancer and are expected to grow in importance as therapeutic targets.
    Frontiers in oncology. 01/2014; 4:285.
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    ABSTRACT: Previous studies examining the association between p73 G4A and gastric cancer risk have produced inconsistent results. The objective of this study was to clarify whether p73 G4A plays a major role in the development of gastric cancer. Studies that had examined the association between p73 G4A and gastric cancer risk were identified through PubMed, Science Direct, and CNKI. We selected eligible studies based on inclusion criteria. Odds ratios were estimated using distinct genetic models, and the heterogeneity between studies was explored using Cochran's Q statistic along with the I(2) statistic. Overall, we found no evidence of a significant association between p73 G4A and risk of gastric cancer. A same trend was also indicated in subgroup analysis by ethnicity. The heterogeneity tests revealed that there was no significant heterogeneity across studies. Our meta-analysis indicates that p73 G4A might not have a major effect on risk of gastric cancer. A much larger study is required to validate our findings.
    International journal of clinical and experimental pathology. 01/2014; 7(10):6820-5.

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