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A multisubunit 3' end processing factor from yeast containing poly(A) polymerase and homologues of the subunits of mammalian cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor.

Department of Cell Biology, Biozentrum, University of Basel, Switzerland.
The EMBO Journal (Impact Factor: 9.82). 09/1997; 16(15):4727-37. DOI: 10.1093/emboj/16.15.4727
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Polyadenylation is the second step in 3' end formation of most eukaryotic mRNAs. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, this step requires three trans-acting factors: poly(A) polymerase (Pap1p), cleavage factor I (CF I) and polyadenylation factor I (PF I). Here, we describe the purification and subunit composition of a multiprotein complex containing Pap1p and PF I activities. PF I-Pap1p was purified to homogeneity by complementation of extracts mutant in the Fip1p subunit of PF I. In addition to Fip1p and Pap1p, the factor comprises homologues of all four subunits of mammalian cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor (CPSF), as well as Ptalp, which previously has been implicated in pre-tRNA processing, and several as yet uncharacterized proteins. As expected for a PF I subunit, pta1-1 mutant extracts are deficient for polyadenylation in vitro. PF I also appears to be functionally related to CPSF, as it polyadenylates a substrate RNA more efficiently than Pap1p alone. Possibly, the observed interaction of the complex with RNA tethers Pap1p to its substrate.

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    ABSTRACT: 3′-Ends of almost all eukaryotic mRNAs are generated by endonucleolytic cleavage and addition of a poly(A) tail. In mammalian cells, the reaction depends on the sequence AAUAAA upstream of the cleavage site, a degenerate GU-rich sequence element downstream of the cleavage site and stimulatory sequences upstream of AAUAAA. Six factors have been identified that carry out the two reactions. With a single exception, they have been purified to homogeneity and cDNAs for 11 subunits have been cloned. Some of the cooperative RNA-protein and protein-protein interactions within the processing complex have been analyzed, but many details, including the identity of the endonuclease, remain unknown. Several examples of regulated polyadenylation are being analyzed at the molecular level. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, sequences directing cleavage and polyadenylation are more degenerate than in metazoans, and a downstream element has not been identified. The list of processing factors may be complete now with approximately a dozen polypeptides, but their functions in the reaction are largely unknown. 3′-Processing is known to be coupled to transcription. This connection is thought to involve interactions of processing factors with the mRNA cap as well as with RNA polymerase II.
    FEMS microbiology reviews 01/1999; 23(3):277-295. · 10.96 Impact Factor
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