Acquired hallux varus.

Cleveland Clinic, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ohio, USA.
Foot & Ankle International (Impact Factor: 1.63). 10/1997; 18(9):586-92. DOI: 10.1177/107110079701800911
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Acquired hallux varus most commonly occurs after hallux valgus surgery. Sagittal plane, coronal plane, and varus deformities are present at the metatarsophalangeal joint. Evaluation of both the metatarsophalangeal and interphalangeal joints for mobility is necessary in surgical decision making. Not all patients require surgery. The anatomy, incidence, pathogenesis, evaluation, classification, and treatment of acquired hallux varus are discussed in this review.

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    ABSTRACT: Though uncommon, iatrogenic hallux varus is most often the result of overresection of the medial eminence, overtranslation of an osteotomy, overrelease of the lateral soft tissues, or overtightening of the medial tissues. It is not always symptomatic, as the degree of deformity can be well tolerated. For soft-tissue reconstructions, releases have little role to play unless minor deformity is detected early on and the longevity of tendon transfer and tenodesis remains unknown. For bony reconstruction, arthrodesis is the recommended salvage technique.
    Foot and Ankle Clinics of North America 06/2014; · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Iatrogenic hallux varus is a relatively rare complication of corrective hallux valgus surgery that has multiple pathologic facets. It requires a comprehensive assessment that focuses on joint flexibility, joint integrity, soft tissue balance, and bony deformity. A step-wise treatment approach is used to address all elements of the deformity. The literature on hallux varus treatments consists mainly of retrospective case series, with several proposed procedures addressing various degrees of deformity. Comparison of these procedures is a challenging endeavor and each case should be considered on an individual basis.
    Foot and Ankle Clinics of North America 09/2014; · 0.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hallux varus can present as a congenital deformity or it can be acquired secondary to trauma, surgery, or neuromuscular disease. In the present report, we describe the presence of hallux varus as a sequela of calcaneal fracture with entrapment of the medial plantar nerve in the calcaneal tunnel and recommend that clinicians be wary of this when they clinically, and radiographically, evaluate patients after calcaneal fracture.
    The Journal of foot and ankle surgery: official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons 07/2011; 50(4):504-6.