How to read a paper: Papers that go beyond numbers (qualitative research). British Medical Journal, 315, 740-743

Department of Primary Care and Population Sciences, University College, London.
BMJ Clinical Research (Impact Factor: 14.09). 10/1997; 315(7110):740-3.
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    • "Aims The objective of this study was to investigate the knowledge and experience of midwives in relation to the domestic violence during pregnancy, paying particular attention to the perception of their professional role and the acceptance of a screening programme for domestic violence during pregnancy. Methods A qualitative phenomenological-hermeneutic study design (Denzin and Lincoln, 2011) was chosen because it is a suitable means of investigating the ideas and perceptions that shape people's behaviour (Greenhalgh and Taylor, 1997). All of the participants involved in the study were midwives working in the local health district of Monza and Brianza (northern Italy): four were practising in the community, and eleven worked at Monza's San Gerardo tertiary hospital, where about 3000 babies are delivered every year. "
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    ABSTRACT: the aim of this qualitative study was to explore midwives׳ knowledge and clinical experience of domestic violence among pregnant women, with particular emphasis on their perceptions of their professional role. the data collected for this phenomenological-hermeneutical qualitative study were collected using semi-structured interviews, and analysed according to Denzin and Lincoln (2011). fifteen hospital and community midwives working in the local health district of Monza and Brianza in northern Italy were recruited between July and October 2012. three main themes emerged: 'it is difficult to recognise domestic violence' because of a limited knowledge of the most common signs and symptoms of violence, a lack of training, cultural taboos, and the women׳s unwillingness to disclose abuse; 'we have a certain number of means of identifying violence', such as relationships with the woman, specific professional training and screening tools, which have advantages and disadvantages; 'the professionals involved' in identifying and managing family violence highlight the importance of a interdisciplinary approach. midwives acknowledge their crucial role in identifying and managing domestic violence but are still unprepared to do so and indicate various barriers that need to be overcome. There is a need to implement basic university education on the subject and provide specific professional training. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Midwifery 02/2015; 31(5). DOI:10.1016/j.midw.2015.02.002 · 1.57 Impact Factor
    • "Cette diffusion n'a pas tardé à gagner le champ de la santé, via les études infirmières, mais aussi la médecine et la santé publique. Cependant, ces nouveaux courants sont confrontés, d'une part, à la difficile définition des méthodes qualitatives, du fait d'une grande hétérogénéité des termes en usage, et, d'autre part, au manque de reconnaissance des travaux dans les publications [11] [12] [13]. Dès lors, on a vu apparaître une large littérature qui s'intéresse à la validité et aux usages possibles de la recherche qualitative dans ces domaines. "
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    ABSTRACT: There is an increasing number of qualitative research in the health sciences. However, such research encounters difficulty in being published and is less recognised by funding agencies and/or reviewers of journals. Given this situation, researchers have developed a set of grids and criteria intended to establish the “standards” of the quality of qualitative research.
    L &E cute volution Psychiatrique 01/2015; 80(2). DOI:10.1016/j.evopsy.2014.12.004 · 0.13 Impact Factor
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    • "This rate of decline is lower than that reported in the general literature and shows that cancer patients are very willing to participate in non-interventional research, particularly as relevant to the topic of cancer-associated weight loss [15]. Nonetheless, with 51 of the 334 patients declining, this study provides robust, real-time qualitative data to help us better understand how patients reach their decision [19–21]. Patients said they were being asked to participate in too much research, that they felt overwhelmed by their own health issues, and that, at times, they were seeking only a second opinion and would be unable to return to complete the study. "
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    ABSTRACT: Fewer than 5 % of cancer patients participate in clinical research. Although this paltry rate has led to extensive research on this topic, previous studies have not sought verbatim comments in a real-time, comprehensive manner to understand why patients decline. This study used a low-risk, non-interventional parent study that focused on cancer-associated weight loss to understand patients' reasons for declining research participation. A research assistant wrote down the name and verbatim reason of all patients who declined to participate. These comments with accompanying patient demographic data are the subject of this report. Of the 334 patients, 51 (15 %) declined parent study enrollment; three comment-related themes emerged: (1) a repelling sense of too much institutional research, (2) overwhelming personal health issues, and (3) a low likelihood of returning to the institution. In univariate and multivariate analyses, only age (older) and gender (female) were associated with non-enrollment. Interestingly, 41 patients with fatigue scores of 7 or worse and 26 with pain scores of 7 or worse were enrolled. Although many factors were associated with declining to participate in research, symptom severity was not. Upfront education might help cancer patients better prioritize their participation in research, particularly as some patients felt overwhelmed by too much research in the institution; and for now, investigators should continue to keep asking patients for their participation.
    Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle 03/2014; 5(2). DOI:10.1007/s13539-014-0128-z · 7.32 Impact Factor
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