Mapping of 228 ESTs and 26 genes into an integrated physical and genetic map of human chromosome 17.
ABSTRACT We have integrated genetic and physical mapping data for chromosome 17 subdivided into 26 bins, by using a panel of chromosome 17 deletion somatic cell hybrids. One hundred four short tandem repeat and STS markers have been localized into these bins and have enabled the ordering of 288 ESTs and 26 genes, including 142 ESTs that had not been previously sublocalized on chromosome 17. The mapping information of several genetic maps, as well as information obtained by radiation hybrid and STS content mapping of YACs, has been integrated using this hybrid panel. Although existing mapping information for chromosome 17 was generally consistent for many ESTs previously mapped, the map presented here further refines the location of ESTs, as well as demonstrating a number of discrepancies found in the 17q24-q25 region. We attribute these discrepancies to the fact that the current radiation hybrid panels were selected for retention of the thymidine kinase gene at 17q25, as well as to a low concentration of YAC contigs in this region. These data illustrate the benefit of combining multiple mapping techniques to obtain the greatest accuracy. The integration of maps developed by different methods will generate the most accurate genome maps, which may then be used for the generation of large insert clone contigs for chromosome sequencing. Additionally, accurate transcript maps generated by ESTs will greatly speed the isolation of genes linked to disease loci.
- SourceAvailable from: Gérard Orth[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Epidermodysplasia verruciformis is a rare genodermatosis associated with a high risk of skin cancer. This condition is characterized by an abnormal susceptibility to specific related human papillomavirus genotypes, including the oncogenic HPV5. Epidermodysplasia verruciformis is usually considered as an autosomal recessive disease. We recently mapped a susceptibility locus for epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV1) to chromosome 17qter within the 1 cM interval between markers D17S939 and D17S802. We report here the genotyping for 10 microsatellite markers spanning 29 cM around EV1 in two consanguineous epidermodysplasia verruciformis families from Colombia (C2) and France (F1) comprising five patients and two patients, respectively. Using homozygosity mapping, linkage with 17qter markers was observed for family C2 only. Multipoint linkage analysis yielded maximum multipoint LOD-score values above 10 between markers D17S1839 and D17S802 encompassing the EV1 locus. A genome-wide search performed in family F1 yielded evidence for linkage between epidermodysplasia verruciformis and the chromosomal 2p marker D2S365. Nine additional microsatellite markers spanning 15 cM in this region were analyzed. Assuming an autosomal recessive inheritance with a complete penetrance, the expected maximum two-point LOD-score value of 1.8 was obtained for three markers and multipoint linkage analysis yielded a maximum LOD-score value of 3.51 between markers D2S2144 and D2S392. Haplotype analysis allowed to map a candidate region for a second epidermodysplasia verruciformis susceptibility locus (EV2) within the 8 cM interval between markers D2S171 and D2S2347 of the 2p21–p24 region. In contrast, linkage with 2p markers was excluded for family C2 and for the three families in which we mapped EV1 previously. The disclosure of two susceptibility loci for epidermodysplasia verruciformis provides evidence for a nonallelic heterogeneity in this disease.Keywords: genodermatosis, genome scan, homozygosity mapping, human papillomavirusJournal of Investigative Dermatology 05/2000; 114(6):1148-1153. · 6.37 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Several projects have produced maps of the physical position of genes within the human genome, either on a genome-wide scale or of a more detailed subsection of a chromosome. However, these maps largely rely on the mapping of expressed sequences (cDNAs and ESTs) back onto physical maps by their localization onto specific fragments of DNA within the radiation hybrid panels. In this report we present a gene map of a section of chromosome 19 that has been derived by combining the use of a method of gene identification (exon trapping) that does not rely on expression patterns, with data available in the genome databases to produce a fine-detailed transcript map. This map also provides several potential candidates for disorders that map to this region of the genome. Details of the maps and more detailed descriptions of cosmid contigs, exon sequences, and expression patterns for the 96 exons that form the basis of this transcript map are available on a series of Web pages that are referenced in this report. These Web pages can be accessed from http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/~pdzmgh/tm/livemap19q.html.Genomics 03/2000; 63(3-63):425-429. · 2.79 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We report the screening of thirty-one YACs with a number of markers using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to construct a physical map of part of human chromosome 17q21.3-q22. A contig of YACs covering about 4 Mb was constructed around the TCF11 gene at 68 cM from the most telomeric marker on the p arm, localizing TCF11 telomeric to genetic marker D17S1827. Both human and mouse P1-derived artificial chromosomes (PACs) containing TCF11 were isolated and characterized. The human heterochromatin protein 1 gene, HP1Hsbeta, and its homologue in mouse, MoMOD1, were identified centromeric to TCF11.Genetic Analysis Biomolecular Engineering 12/1999; 15(6):217-22.