Serine phosphorylation-dependent association of the band 4.1-related protein-tyrosine phosphatase PTPH1 with 14-3-3 beta protein
ABSTRACT PTPH1 is a human protein-tyrosine phosphatase with homology to the band 4.1 superfamily of cytoskeletal-associated proteins. PTPH1 was found to associate with 14-3-3beta using a yeast two-hybrid screen, and its interaction could be reconstituted in vitro using recombinant proteins. Examination of the interaction between 14-3-3beta and various deletion mutants of PTPH1 by two-hybrid tests suggested that the integrity of the PTP is important for this binding. Although both PTPH1 and Raf-1 form complexes with 14-3-3beta, they appear to do so independently. Binding of 14-3-3beta to PTPH1 in vitro was abolished by pretreating PTPH1 with potato acid phosphatase and was greatly enhanced by pretreating with Cdc25C-associated protein kinase. Thus the association between PTPH1 and 14-3-3beta is phosphorylation-dependent. Two novel motifs RSLS359VE and RVDS853EP in PTPH1 were identified as major 14-3-3beta-binding sites, both of which are distinct from the consensus binding motif RSXSXP recently found in Raf-1. Mutation of Ser359 and Ser853 to alanine significantly reduced the association between 14-3-3beta and PTPH1. Furthermore, association of PTPH1 and 14-3-3beta was detected in several cell lines and was regulated in response to extracellular signals. These results raise the possibility that 14-3-3beta may function as an adaptor molecule in the regulation of PTPH1 and may provide a link between serine/threonine and tyrosine phosphorylation-dependent signaling pathways.
Article: Protein tyrosine phosphatasesFrontiers in Bioscience 01/2002; 7(1-3):d85. DOI:10.2741/mustelin · 4.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Ras and Rap proteins are closely related small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPases) that share similar effector-binding domains but operate in a very different signaling networks; Ras has a dominant role in cell proliferation, while Rap mediates cell adhesion. Ras and Rap proteins are regulated by several shared processes such as post-translational modification, phosphorylation, activation by guanine exchange factors and inhibition by GTPase-activating proteins. Sub-cellular localization and trafficking of these proteins to and from the plasma membrane are additional important regulatory features that impact small GTPases function. Despite its importance, the trafficking mechanisms of Ras and Rap proteins are not completely understood. Chaperone proteins play a critical role in trafficking of GTPases and will be the focus of the discussion in this work. We will review several aspects of chaperone biology focusing on specificity toward particular members of the small GTPase family. Understanding this specificity should provide key insights into drug development targeting individual small GTPases.Critical Reviews in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 12/2014; DOI:10.3109/10409238.2014.989308 · 5.81 Impact Factor