Validation of a cerebral palsy register.
ABSTRACT To analyse completeness and validity of data in the Cerebral Palsy Register in Denmark, 1979-1982.
Completeness has been assessed by comparing data from The Danish National Patient Register (DNPR) with the cases included in the Cerebral Palsy Register (CPR). Agreement between 12 variables in the CPR and obstetrical medical records has been analysed using kappa-statistics.
Of 468 children in the DNPR, only 237 fulfilled the inclusion criteria of the CPR; and 35 (15%) of these cases had not been reported to the CPR. Data agreement was generally good, but gestational age was subject to a systematic error, and urinary infections in pregnancy (kappa = 0.43) and placental abruption (kappa = 0.52) were seriously under-reported in the CPR.
Completeness of the Cerebral Palsy Register in Denmark, 1979-1982, has been assessed to maximal 85%, emphasizing the impact of using supplementary case ascertainment sources in the future. Validity of data varied according to definition and significance of the specific variable.
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ABSTRACT: Denmark has an extensive collection of national and regional medical registries. There are many advantages to registry-based research when investigating genetic diseases which, due to their rarity, can be difficult to identify. In this study, we aimed to provide an updated overview of Danish registries for medical genetic conditions and describe how data linkage across registries can be used to collect data on genetic diseases at the individual level and at the family level. We present a list of medical genetic registries in Denmark at the national level, data sources from the departments of clinical genetics and other specialized centers, and project-specific data sources. We also summarize key general registries, such as the Danish National Registry of Patients, the Danish Medical Birth Registry, and the Civil Registration System, which are renowned for their comprehensive and high quality data, and are useful supplemental data sources for genetic epidemiology research. We describe the potential for data linkage across multiple registries, which allows for access to medical histories with follow-up time spanning birth to death. Finally, we provide a brief introduction to the Danish epidemiological research setting and legalities related to data access. The Danish collection of medical registries is a valuable resource for genetic epidemiology research.Clinical Epidemiology 01/2013; 5:249-62.
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ABSTRACT: Nonprogrammable molecular computing is observed in two distinct classes of biological processes, evolutionary and developmental. Evolutionary molecular computing generates information at the rate of ~3×10-15 b/s/degree of freedom. In contrast, developmental molecular computing generates information at the rate of ~102 b/s/degree of freedom. A unit of the developmental degree of freedom is an aggregate of those evolutionary degrees of freedom whose number is roughly of the order of 101601/1989;
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ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT Background. The level of arterial ligation has been a variable of the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry since 2007. The aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of this registry variable in relation to anterior resection for rectal cancer. Methods. The operative charts of all cardiovascularly compromised patients who underwent anterior resection during the period 2007-2010 in Sweden were retrieved and compared to the registry. We selected the study population to reflect the common assumption that these patients would be more sensitive to a compromised visceral blood flow. Levels of vascular ligation were defined, both oncologically and functionally, and their sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, level of agreement and Cohen's kappa were calculated. Results. Some 744 (94.5%) patients were eligible for analysis. Functional high tie level showed a sensitivity of 80.2% and a specificity of 90.1%. Positive and negative predictive values were 87.7 and 83.8%, respectively. Level of agreement was 85.5% and Cohen's kappa 0.70. The corresponding calculations for oncologic tie level yielded similar results. Conclusion. The suboptimal validity of the Swedish Colorectal Cancer Registry regarding the level of vascular ligation might be problematic. For analyses with rare positive outcomes, such bowel ischaemia, or with minor expected differences in outcomes, it would be beneficial to collect data directly from the operative charts of the medical records in order to increase the chance of identifying clinically relevant differences.Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden) 07/2014; 53(7):892-7. · 2.27 Impact Factor