Article

Fluorescence energy transfer-sensitized photobleaching of a fluorescent label as a tool to study donor-acceptor distance distributions and dynamics in protein assemblies: studies of a complex of biotinylated IgM with streptavidin and aggregates of concanavalin A.

Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Chernogolovka, Moscow Region, Russia.
Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B Biology (Impact Factor: 2.8). 11/1997; 40(3):278-87. DOI: 10.1016/S1011-1344(97)00070-5
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A photokinetic method of detection of fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between special fluorescent labels is applied to study time-averaged spatial distribution of labeled proteins in protein assemblies. Prolonged irradiation of a sample at the absorption maximum of the energy donor label initiates FRET-sensitized fluorescence photobleaching of the energy acceptor label, which was monitored by steady-state fluorimetric measurements. Kinetics of the acceptor photobleaching and kinetics of decreasing the efficiency of FRET from donors to unbleached acceptors were determined. The FRET efficiency was found from measuring sensitization of acceptor fluorescence. Analysis of the photokinetic data permits to estimate the time-averaged distribution of acceptors on donor-acceptor distances in the range of characteristic distances of FRET. Dynamic processes influencing donor-acceptor distances can be also investigated by the method. Application of the method is demonstrated by the studies of a complex of biotinylated IgM with streptavidin and aggregates composed of concanavalin A and sodium dodecyl sulphate. A new thiadicarbocyanine dye was used as the acceptor label, R-phycoerythrin and tetramethylrhodamine isothio-cyanate were the donor labels. In the IgM-streptavidin complex, 16% of acceptors most contributed to FRET provided 90% of FRET efficiency, whereas acceptors made about the same time-averaged contribution to FRET in the concanavalin A aggregates.

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