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X-linked recessive chondrodysplasia punctata due to a new point mutation of the ARSE gene

Department of Pediatrics, Federico II University, Naples, Italy.
American Journal of Medical Genetics (Impact Factor: 3.23). 01/1998; 73(2):139-43. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-8628(19971212)73:2<139::AID-AJMG7>3.0.CO;2-P
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ABSTRACT Chondrodysplasia punctata (CP) is a heterogeneous group of bone dysplasias that are characterized by abnormal calcium deposition in areas of enchondral bone formation. The existence of an X-linked recessive form of chondrodysplasia punctata (CDPX) has been recognized in patients who are nullisomic for the Xp22.3 region, presenting with complex phenotypes. The gene of CDPX has been identified recently, and five point mutations of the gene, named ARSE, have been described. Here, we report on the clinical and molecular characterization of a patient with CDPX. The patient presented at birth with cranial and facial anomalies and short stature; an x-ray skeletal survey showed punctate calcifications and striking hand and foot abnormalities. Single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and sequence analysis of the patient's DNA allowed the identification of a new mutation of the ARSE gene; this mutation causes an amino acid substitution from cysteine to tyrosine at position 492 of the ARSE predicted protein product. The clinical description of patients with CDPX due to known mutation of the ARSE is of interest for the precise delineation of the clinical spectrum of the disease.

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    • "Single nucleotide changes that produce the amino acid substitutions R12S, R111P, G137V, G245R, and C492Y were identified in patients affected with CDPX (Franco et al. 1995; Parenti et al., 1997). To investigate the effect of these missense mutations, the nucleotide changes leading to these amino acid substitutions were introduced into the wild-type ARSE expression vector by site-directed mutagenesis. "
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    ABSTRACT: X-linked chondrodysplasia punctata (CDPX) is a congenital disorder characterized by abnormalities in cartilage and bone development. Mutations leading to amino acid substitutions were identified recently in CDPX patients, in the coding region of the arylsulfatase E (ARSE) gene, a novel member of the sulfatase gene family. Transfection of the ARSE full-length cDNA, in Cos7 cells, allowed us to establish that its protein product is a 60-kD precursor, which is subject to N-glycosylation, to give a mature 68-kD form that, unique among sulfatases, is localized to the Golgi apparatus. Five missense mutations found in CDPX patients were introduced into wild-type ARSE cDNA by site-directed mutagenesis. These mutants were transfected into Cos7 cells, and the arylsulfatase activity and biochemical properties were determined, to study the effect of these substitutions on the ARSE protein. One of the mutants behaves as the wild-type protein. All four of the other mutations resulted in a complete lack of arylsulfatase activity, although the substitutions do not appear to affect the stability and subcellular localization of the protein. The loss of activity due to these mutations confirms their involvement in the clinical phenotype and points to the importance of these residues in the correct folding of a catalytically active ARSE enzyme.
    The American Journal of Human Genetics 04/1998; 62(3):562-72. DOI:10.1086/301746 · 10.99 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Sixteen males and two females with symmetrical (mild) type of chondrodysplasia punctata were tested for mutations in the X chromosome located arylsulphatase D and E genes. We identified one nonsense and two missense mutations in the arylsulphatase E gene in three males. No mutations were detected in the arylsulphatase D gene. Family studies showed segregation of the mutant genes establishing X linked inheritance for these families. Asymptomatic females and males were found in these studies. The clinical presentation varies not only between unrelated affected males, but also between affected males within the same family. We also conclude that clinical diagnosis of chondrodysplasia punctata in adults can be difficult. Finally, our results indicate that brachytelephalangy is not necessarily a feature of X linked symmetrical chondrodysplasia punctata.
    Journal of Medical Genetics 01/1999; 35(12):1004-8. DOI:10.1136/jmg.35.12.1004 · 5.64 Impact Factor
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