Effects of a nonpeptide bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist, FR167344, on different in vivo animal models of inflammation.
ABSTRACT 1. The effects of a novel, potent and orally active nonpeptide bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist, FR167344 (N-[N-[3-[(3-bromo-2-methylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-8-yl)oxymethyl]-2 ,4-dichlorophenyl]-N-methylaminocarbonylmethyl]-4-(dimethylamin ocarbonyl) cinnamylamide hydrochloride) were tested in three different in vivo models of inflammation. 2. Oral administration of FR167344 inhibited carrageenin-induced paw oedema in rats (carrageenin: 1%, 0.1 ml per animal, intraplantar), with an ID50 of 2.7 mg kg(-1) at 2 h after carrageenin injection (n=10 or 11). 3. Oral administration of the compound also inhibited kaolin-induced writhing (kaolin: 250 mg kg(-1), i.p.) in mice, with ID50 of 2.8 mg kg(-1) in 10 min writhing and 4.2 mg kg(-1) in 15 min writhing (n=19 or 20). 4. Additionally, oral administration of FR167344 inhibited caerulein-induced pancreatic oedema with an ID50 of 13.8 mg kg(-1) as well as increases in amylase and lipase of blood samples with ID50 of 10.3 and 7.4 mg kg(-1), respectively, in rats (n=10). 5. These results show that FR167344 is an orally active, anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive agent in carrageenin-induced paw oedema, kaolin-induced writhing and caerulein-induced pancreatitis. FR167344 may have therapeutic potential against inflammatory diseases by oral administration and it may be a useful tool for studying the involvement of B2 receptors in various in vivo models of inflammation.
Article: Proangiogenic effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition is mediated by the bradykinin B(2) receptor pathway.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recent studies have suggested a proangiogenic effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition. We hypothesized that such a proangiogenic effect of ACE inhibition may be mediated, in part, by bradykinin (BK) B(2)-receptor pathway. This study therefore examined the neovascularization induced by ACE inhibitor treatment in B(2) receptor-deficient mice (B(2)(-/-)) in a model of surgically induced hindlimb ischemia. After artery femoral occlusion, wild-type and B(2)(-/-) mice were treated with or without ACE inhibitor (perindopril, 3 mg/kg/d) for 28 days. Angiogenesis was then quantitated by microangiography, capillary density measurement, and laser Doppler perfusion imaging. The protein levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) were determined by Western blot. In wild-type animals, vessel density and capillary number in the ischemic leg were raised by 1.8- and 1.4-fold, respectively, in mice treated with ACE inhibitor when compared with the nontreated animals (P<0.01). This corresponded to an improved ischemic/nonischemic leg perfusion ratio by 1.5-fold in ACE inhibitor-treated animals when compared with the untreated ones (0.87+/-0.07 versus 0.59+/-0.05, respectively, P<0.01). Activation of the angiogenic process was also associated with a 1.7-fold increase in tissue eNOS protein level in mice treated with ACE inhibitor (P<0.05 versus control) but not with changes in VEGF protein level. Conversely, ACE inhibition did not affect vessel density, blood flow, and eNOS protein level in ischemic hindlimb of B(2)(-/-) mice. Therefore, proangiogenic effect of ACE inhibition is mediated by B(2)-receptor signaling and was associated with upregulation of eNOS content, independently of VEGF expression.Circulation Research 10/2001; 89(8):678-83. · 9.49 Impact Factor
Article: ACE inhibitor and AT1 antagonist stimulate duodenal HCO3- secretion mediated by a common pathway - involvement of PG, NO and bradykinin.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recent study demonstrated that duodenal HCO3- secretion is affected by modulation of the renin-angiotensin system. We examined the effects of enalapril (angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor) or losartan (angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonist) on duodenal HCO3- secretion in rats and investigated the mechanisms involved in the renin-angiotensin system-related HCO3- response. A proximal duodenal loop was perfused with saline, and HCO3- secretion was measured at pH 7.0 using a pH-stat method and by adding 2 mM HCl. Enalapril increased the HCO3- secretion in a dose-dependent manner, with a decrease in arterial blood pressure (MBP), and these effects were significantly attenuated by pretreatment with indomethacin, L-NAME and FR172357 (a selective bradykinin B2 receptor antagonist). Although losartan alone did not affect the HCO3- secretion, despite reducing MBP, the agent dose-dependently increased the HCO3- secretion in the presence of angiotensin II, and this response was totally antagonized by prior administration of FR172357, indomethacin and L-NAME. Bradykinin also dose-dependently increased the HCO3- secretion with no change in MBP, though transient, and again the effects were blocked by indomethacin, L-NAME and FR172357. Both prostaglandin (PG) E2 and the nitric oxide (NO) donor NOR-3 also increased the HCO3- secretion, the latter effect being inhibited by indomethacin. These results suggest that both an ACE inhibitor and AT1 antagonist (in the presence of angiotensin II) increase duodenal HCO3- secretion via a common pathway, involving bradykinin, NO and PGs. It is also assumed that bradykinin releases NO locally, which in turns stimulates HCO3- secretion mediated by PGs.Journal of physiology and pharmacology: an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society 10/2005; 56(3):391-406. · 2.27 Impact Factor