Streptococcus pyogenes bacteraemia: a 27-year study in a London teaching hospital.

Department of Microbiology, St. Thomas' Hospital, London, UK.
Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases (Impact Factor: 1.71). 02/1997; 29(5):473-8. DOI: 10.3109/00365549709011857
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The clinical and epidemiological features of 120 episodes of Streptococcus pyogenes bacteraemia in St. Thomas' Hospital between 1970 and 1997 were analysed. One-third of episodes were nosocomial. M1 was the most common serotype, and 29% of strains were non-typable. There was a variety of presenting features, but nearly half of the patients had cellulitis, 15% were shocked, and 6% had necrotic infections. There was no focus of infection in 13%. 54% of patients had an underlying disease, and 23% of infections were associated with a medical procedure or device. The mortality rate was 19%, and was associated with shock, coma, no focus of infection, and underlying disease. Since 1989, the annual incidence has more than doubled, and M1 strains and necrotic infections have increased, but the mortality rate and the proportion of patients presenting with shock have decreased, and the increase in cases involved many different M-types.

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