Mutations in chromatin components suppress a defect of Gcn5 protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0414, USA.
Molecular and Cellular Biology (Impact Factor: 5.04). 03/1998; 18(2):1049-54.
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The yeast GCN5 gene encodes the catalytic subunit of a nuclear histone acetyltransferase and is part of a high-molecular-weight complex involved in transcriptional regulation. In this paper we show that full activation of the HO promoter in vivo requires the Gcn5 protein and that defects in this protein can be suppressed by deletion of the RPD3 gene, which encodes a histone deacetylase. These results suggest an interplay between acetylation and deacetylation of histones in the regulation of the HO gene. We also show that mutations in either the H4 or the H3 histone gene, as well as mutations in the SIN1 gene, which encodes an HMG1-like protein, strongly suppress the defects produced by the gcn5 mutant. These results suggest a hierarchy of action in the process of chromatin remodeling.

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    ABSTRACT: Elp3 and Gcn5 are histone acetyltransferases (HATs) that function in transcription as subunits of Elongator and SAGA/ADA, respectively. Here we show that mutations that impair the in vitro HAT activity of Elp3 confer typical elp phenotypes such as temperature sensitivity. Combining an elp3 mutation with histone H3 or H4 tail mutations confers lethality or sickness, supporting a role for Elongator in chromatin remodelling in vivo. gcn5elp3 double mutants display a number of severe phenotypes, and similar phenotypes result from combining the elp mutation with mutation in a gene encoding a SAGA-specific, but not an ADA-specific subunit, indicating that Elongator functionally overlaps with SAGA. Because concomitant active site alterations in Elp3 and Gcn5 are sufficient to confer severe phenotypes, the redundancy must be specifically related to the HAT activity of these complexes. In support of this conclusion, gcn5elp3 phenotypes are suppressed by concomitant mutation of the HDA1 and HOS2 histone deacetylases. Our results demonstrate functional redundancy among transcription-associated HAT and deacetylase activities, and indicate the importance of a fine-tuned acetylation–deacetylation balance during transcription in vivo.
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