Coping with acne vulgaris - Evaluation of the chronic skin disorder questionnaire in patients with acne
ABSTRACT The present study investigated how patients with acne vulgaris cope with their disease. By means of questionnaires, relations and interactions between acne and psyche were evaluated. In addition to the evaluation of a specific questionnaire for patients with chronic skin disorders (CSD), assessing psychosocial impairment by the disease, depression and social anxiety were investigated in patients with acne. The study included 50 patients with acne. The CSD showed significant correlations with Beck's depression inventory, the interaction-anxiety questionnaire and the health locus of control scale. The CSD revealed significant differences compared to a control group of 33 patients with healthy skin. Furthermore the patients' attitudes towards triggering factors and disease-related limitations in everyday life are presented. The results of the study demonstrate that patients with acne suffer from emotional distress and psychosocial problems caused by their disease; however, impairment is not correlated with the objective severity of acne.
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Background: Acne vulgaris is a common skin disease whose influence on body image is believed to be an important cause of psychological problems in patients with this disease. Aims: The aim of this study is to compare the frequency of anxiety and depression symptoms between patients with acne vulgaris and healthy individuals and to evaluate the levels of these symptoms in relation to the severity of acne as well as patient's age and sex. Study design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Ninety-seven patients with acne vulgaris and 88 healthy individuals (without acne) of both sexes, aged 18-35 years were enrolled in the study from December 2011 to January 2012. Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) was used to assess anxiety and depression symptoms in both groups (patient and control group). Results: Anxiety symptoms were present in 72.2 % of patients and 46 % of controls with a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). Depression symptoms were present in 46.8 % of patients and 35.9 % of controls, but the difference was not statistically significant (P >0.05). The level of anxiety and depression symptoms was not significant in relation to severity of disease, sex and age of patients (P>0.05). Conclusions: There is a strong correlation of acne vulgaris with anxiety symptoms. Symptoms of depression in acne patients were not significantly more frequent compared to the control group. The level of anxiety and depression symptoms in patients with acne was not related to the severity of acne, sex and age of patients. Key-words: acne vulgaris, anxiety, depression,
- 05/2013; 14(1):35-39. DOI:10.5152/imj.2013.08
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND Measuring the quality of life measure of patients with dermatologic diseases is an important concern. The instruments to evaluate it are commonly originally written in English and need to be translated and validated to be used in different cultures. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this paper is to translate and validate the Skindex-29 questionnaire to Brazilian Portuguese to be used in our country as a quality of life assessment instrument in dermatologic patients. METHODS The first step was the translation from English to Brazilian Portuguese and the back-translation by two native speakers. The translated version was then used for the second step, when three questionnaires were applied to 75 patients (43 of whom were classified as lightly affected and 32 as heavily affected by their dermatologic conditions): an identification questionnaire, the translated version of Skindex-29, and the Brazilian Portuguese version of Dermatologic Life Quality Index (DLQI). Additionally, the generic questionnaire Short Form 36 (SF-36) was applied to 41 of these patients. The last step to evaluate reproducibility was repeating the Skindex-29 questionnaire by the same researcher one week later in 44 patients. RESULTS Reliability was observed in global Skindex-29 scale (α=0.934), and its domains emotions (α=0.926), symptoms (α=0,702), and psycosocial functioning (α=0.860). The reproducibility showed high intraclass correlations. High intra class correlations was observed, thus validating reliability. CONCLUSIONS The Skindex-29 quality of life questionnaire was properly translated and validated to Brazilian Portuguese.Anais brasileiros de dermatologia 07/2014; 89(4):600-607. DOI:10.1590/abd1806-4841.20142453