Lyme borreliosis awareness.

Department of Environmental Resource Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University College, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland.
Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie: international journal of medical microbiology 04/1998; 287(3):253-65. DOI: 10.1016/S0934-8840(98)80127-8
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A Lyme borreliosis information leaflet has been produced to promote awareness amongst the general public. It was designed to provide a framework for similar material throughout Europe and complements a questionnaire produced to measure awareness of Lyme borreliosis. This questionnaire can be used to determine the impact of educational campaigns using material such as the leaflet. Feasibility studies showed that the questionnaire successfully highlighted predictable differences between sample groups and also that the leaflet performed well in increasing knowledge in low-awareness groups.

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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Tick-borne disease has become increasingly prevalent across Europe. Despite the effectiveness of protective behaviors, relatively few people adopt them when in areas where ticks are known to be present. In this systematic review we identified studies that assessed the impact of any educational or behavioral interventions intended to encourage the widespread use of protective behaviors against tick-borne disease. An extensive search of electronic databases returned a total of only nine such studies. Only two of these were fully randomized controlled trials, with the remaining studies using weaker designs and often relying solely on self-reports to assess behavior. The majority of research in this area has not explicitly noted the consideration of any formal psychological theory on how best to promote behaviors that protect health. Nonetheless, the results show that both knowledge of and attitudes towards tick-borne disease are amenable to change, although the stability of these changes over time has not yet been determined. Not all intervention strategies have proved effective, with some producing detrimental effects. More theory-based, methodologically-robust studies are urgently required if we are to gain a better understanding of the most effective strategies for encouraging members of the public to adopt behaviors known to protect against tick-borne disease.
    Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.) 05/2012; 12(9):817-25. DOI:10.1089/vbz.2011.0774 · 2.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lyme disease (LD) is a tick-borne emerging disease in Canada that has been endemic in many temperate countries for decades. Currently, one of the main approaches for LD prevention is the promotion of individual-level preventive behaviors against ticks. Health behaviors are influenced by individual and social factors, one important of which is risk perception. This study aims to describe and compare risk perception of LD, within and between general populations and experts living in two different regions: the Neuchatel canton in Switzerland, where LD is endemic, and the Monteregie region in Quebec (Canada), where LD is emerging. A web-based survey was conducted in both study regions (814 respondents) in 2012, and a questionnaire was administered to 16 experts. Comparative analyses of knowledge, risk exposure and different components of LD risk perception were performed. Multivariate analyses were used to calculate a global risk perception score and to identify determinants of risk perception in both regions. In Monteregie, only 15% of the survey respondents had a good level of knowledge of LD compared to Neuchatel where 51% of survey respondents had good levels of knowledge. In Monteregie, 24% of respondents perceived themselves as being at high or very high risk of contracting LD vs 54% in Neuchatel; however, a higher percentage of respondents from this region believed that personal protection was simple to carry out 73% vs 58% in Monteregie). Based on the population surveys, almost all of the identified determinants of risk perception were different between both populations except for gender. A good level of knowledge, living in the risk zone and knowing someone who has had LD increased risk perception, while a high level of education and being 18-34 years of age decreased this perception. The majority of the studied components of risk perception were different between populations and their regional experts. This study suggests that risk perception of LD differs between populations and regional experts living in different epidemiological situations. Monitoring of knowledge and risk perception in local populations may help to better target LD communication efforts in accordance with population specific attributes thereby enhancing prevention efficacy.
    BMC Public Health 12/2014; 14(1):1298. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-14-1298 · 2.32 Impact Factor


Available from
May 21, 2014