Lyme Borreliosis Awareness

Department of Environmental Resource Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University College, Belfield, Dublin, Ireland.
Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie: international journal of medical microbiology 04/1998; 287(3):253-65. DOI: 10.1016/S0934-8840(98)80127-8
Source: PubMed


A Lyme borreliosis information leaflet has been produced to promote awareness amongst the general public. It was designed to provide a framework for similar material throughout Europe and complements a questionnaire produced to measure awareness of Lyme borreliosis. This questionnaire can be used to determine the impact of educational campaigns using material such as the leaflet. Feasibility studies showed that the questionnaire successfully highlighted predictable differences between sample groups and also that the leaflet performed well in increasing knowledge in low-awareness groups.

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Available from: Marta Granström,
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    • "Unless questions specifically refer to practicing behaviors for tick avoidance, then it is possible that results may be inaccurate in assessing the efficacy of an intervention. Third, two studies (Gray et al, 1998; Jenks and Trapasso 2005) did not assess behavior at all, but instead focused solely on measures of knowledge. While increased knowledge may lead to behavior change, improved knowledge by itself is a poor proxy for improved protective behavior. "
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Tick-borne disease has become increasingly prevalent across Europe. Despite the effectiveness of protective behaviors, relatively few people adopt them when in areas where ticks are known to be present. In this systematic review we identified studies that assessed the impact of any educational or behavioral interventions intended to encourage the widespread use of protective behaviors against tick-borne disease. An extensive search of electronic databases returned a total of only nine such studies. Only two of these were fully randomized controlled trials, with the remaining studies using weaker designs and often relying solely on self-reports to assess behavior. The majority of research in this area has not explicitly noted the consideration of any formal psychological theory on how best to promote behaviors that protect health. Nonetheless, the results show that both knowledge of and attitudes towards tick-borne disease are amenable to change, although the stability of these changes over time has not yet been determined. Not all intervention strategies have proved effective, with some producing detrimental effects. More theory-based, methodologically-robust studies are urgently required if we are to gain a better understanding of the most effective strategies for encouraging members of the public to adopt behaviors known to protect against tick-borne disease.
    Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.) 05/2012; 12(9):817-25. DOI:10.1089/vbz.2011.0774 · 2.30 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Hopfield proposed two types of neural networks, the discrete Hopfield network (DHN) and the continuous Hopfield network (CHN). A new method for two-dimensional object recognition using a Hopfield neural network is proposed. A hybrid Hopfield network (HHN), which combines the merit of both the continuous Hopfield network and the discrete Hopfield network, is proposed and some of the advantages such as reliability and speed are discussed. Stable states of neurons are analyzed and predicted based upon the theory of the CHN after convergence in the DHN. The experiments showed that once solutions close to a global minimum were obtained in the DHN, the HHN can find the desired output by adjusting the states of neuron outputs. HHN is a robust approach to solve two-dimensional occlusion problems
    Circuits and Systems, 1992. ISCAS '92. Proceedings., 1992 IEEE International Symposium on; 06/1992
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