11q13 Allelotype Analysis in 27 Northern American MEN1 Kindreds Identifies Two Distinct Founder Chromosomes
Laboratory of Pathology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
(Impact Factor: 2.63).
03/1998; 63(2):151-5. DOI: 10.1006/mgme.1997.2649
We analyzed constitutional and tumor DNA from 27 MEN1 kindreds not known to be related to each other. Disease allele haplotypes were constructed for each pedigree based on shared alleles from two or more affected members and from determination of allelic loss patterns in their tumors. Analysis of disease allele haplotypes showed unexpected linkage disequilibrium at marker PYGM. Further haplotype analysis indicated this could be explained by the presence of two founder chromosomes, one in four families, the other in three. A shared disease haplotype was not observed among two MEN1 kindreds with the prolactinoma phenotype of MEN1.
Available from: Svetlana Pack
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Pituitary adenomas may develop sporadically or as part of the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) syndrome. The gene responsible for MEN 1 syndrome was recently identified and cloned. Low rates of MEN 1 gene mutations and deletions have been reported in sporadic pituitary adenomas. To elucidate the role of the MEN 1 gene in the pathogenesis of MEN 1-associated pituitary tumors, we examined pituitary adenomas from 11 MEN 1 patients for the presence of 11q13 allelic loss. Ten of the 11 pituitary tumors were informative by PCR-based loss of heterozygosity analysis. Using a combination of family pedigree analysis and restriction analysis directed at the mutated allele in 8 of the 10 informative cases, it was demonstrated in all 8 cases that it is the wild-type allele that undergoes deletion. All 11 tumors, 4 of which were growth hormone secreting, were additionally analyzed for mutation in the Gs alpha subunit (gsp) gene. None of the tumors (0 of 11 tumors) revealed a gsp gene mutation. Therefore, genetic alterations of the MEN 1 gene seem to play a dominant role in MEN 1-associated pituitary tumorigenesis, whereas gsp gene mutations do not seem to be a frequent event in either growth hormone-secreting or other types of MEN 1-associated pituitary tumors. These results suggest that MEN 1-associated pituitary tumors develop via genetic pathways that differ from those of most sporadic pituitary tumors.
Clinical Cancer Research 08/1998; 4(7):1673-8. · 8.72 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Through insights into the molecular genetics of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), the genes predisposing to multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndromes were identified. In MEN1, tumors occur in the parathyroids, endocrine pancreas, anterior pituitary, adrenal glands and thymic neuroendocrine tissues. The MEN1 gene encodes a putative growth-suppressor protein, menin, binding JunD, a transcriptional factor belonging to the AP-1 complex. However, new partners binding menin remain to be found. The MEN1 gene might be involved in 1-50% of sporadic NETs. Another critical mechanism involved in NETs is the deregulation of the RET-signalling pathways by oncogenic point mutations responsible for MEN2 syndromes. MEN2 refers to the inherited forms of medullary thyroid carcinoma. The RET proto-oncogene, a tyrosine-kinase receptor, is activated by missense mutations occurring either in the extracellular dimerization domain or intracellular tyrosine kinase catalytic regions. In both cases the receptor is constitutionally activated in the absence of natural ligands. Endocrine tumors also belong to the clinical pattern of Recklinghausen (NF1) and von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) diseases. The genes for both syndromes have been characterized and provide new pathways for endocrine tumorigenesis related to G-protein physiology (NF1) and transcriptional regulation and/or endothelial cell proliferation (VHL), respectively. Here, we propose a basic overview of recent data on genetic events leading a normal endocrine cell towards a fully malignant phenotype.
Digestion 02/2000; 62 Suppl 1(Suppl. 1):3-18. DOI:10.1159/000051850 · 2.10 Impact Factor
Available from: Greg Lennon
American Journal Of Pathology 05/2000; 156(4):1109-15. DOI:10.1016/S0002-9440(10)64979-6 · 4.59 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.