11q13 Allelotype Analysis in 27 Northern American MEN1 Kindreds Identifies Two Distinct Founder Chromosomes
Laboratory of Pathology, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.Molecular Genetics and Metabolism (Impact Factor: 2.63). 03/1998; 63(2):151-5. DOI: 10.1006/mgme.1997.2649
We analyzed constitutional and tumor DNA from 27 MEN1 kindreds not known to be related to each other. Disease allele haplotypes were constructed for each pedigree based on shared alleles from two or more affected members and from determination of allelic loss patterns in their tumors. Analysis of disease allele haplotypes showed unexpected linkage disequilibrium at marker PYGM. Further haplotype analysis indicated this could be explained by the presence of two founder chromosomes, one in four families, the other in three. A shared disease haplotype was not observed among two MEN1 kindreds with the prolactinoma phenotype of MEN1.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Through insights into the molecular genetics of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), the genes predisposing to multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) syndromes were identified. In MEN1, tumors occur in the parathyroids, endocrine pancreas, anterior pituitary, adrenal glands and thymic neuroendocrine tissues. The MEN1 gene encodes a putative growth-suppressor protein, menin, binding JunD, a transcriptional factor belonging to the AP-1 complex. However, new partners binding menin remain to be found. The MEN1 gene might be involved in 1-50% of sporadic NETs. Another critical mechanism involved in NETs is the deregulation of the RET-signalling pathways by oncogenic point mutations responsible for MEN2 syndromes. MEN2 refers to the inherited forms of medullary thyroid carcinoma. The RET proto-oncogene, a tyrosine-kinase receptor, is activated by missense mutations occurring either in the extracellular dimerization domain or intracellular tyrosine kinase catalytic regions. In both cases the receptor is constitutionally activated in the absence of natural ligands. Endocrine tumors also belong to the clinical pattern of Recklinghausen (NF1) and von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) diseases. The genes for both syndromes have been characterized and provide new pathways for endocrine tumorigenesis related to G-protein physiology (NF1) and transcriptional regulation and/or endothelial cell proliferation (VHL), respectively. Here, we propose a basic overview of recent data on genetic events leading a normal endocrine cell towards a fully malignant phenotype.Digestion 02/2000; 62 Suppl 1(Suppl. 1):3-18. DOI:10.1159/000051850 · 2.10 Impact Factor
- American Journal Of Pathology 05/2000; 156(4):1109-15. DOI:10.1016/S0002-9440(10)64979-6 · 4.59 Impact Factor
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.