Dedifferentiation of human hepatocytes by extracellular matrix proteins in vitro: quantitative and qualitative investigation of cytokeratin 7, 8, 18, 19 and vimentin filaments.
ABSTRACT Liver cirrhosis and carcinogenesis are accompanied by an alteration in extracellular matrix material. Histological studies reveal upregulation of the intermediate filaments cytokeratins 8 and 18 and de novo synthesis of vimentin, and cytokeratin 7 or 19 in hepatocytes. The aim of this study was to investigate how these two processes are linked.
Human hepatocytes were seeded: (i) on the matrix components collagen I, IV, laminin, or fibronectin; (ii) on stoichiometrically different complete matrices, derived from human placenta (matrix I) or the Englebreth-Holm-Swarm tumor (matrix II), and (iii) inside a three-dimensional collagen I sandwich. Filament expression and assembly were measured by cytofluor analysis or confocal laserscan microscopy.
The matrix components or complete matrices triggered enhancement of cytokeratins 8 and 18 and de novo synthesis of cytokeratins 7, 19 and vimentin in a characteristic way. Confocal images demonstrated a dense and uniform network of cytokeratin 18 in freshly isolated cells, which was "replaced" by a few, thick protein bundles within 20 days. Interestingly, newly synthesized cytokeratin 19 structurally resembled the cytokeratin 19 organization in biliary epithelial cells. Marked cytokeratin alterations could be partially prevented when hepatocytes were grown in a three-dimensional collagen sandwich.
Pathological alterations to the chemical composition, molecular structure, or spatial arrangement of the liver matrix lead to specific changes in the intermediate filament pattern in human hepatocytes. We assume that degradation of the matrix results in pathological alterations to the hepatocyte-receptor matrix-ligand ratio, followed by a switch from physiological to pathological cell-activation.
Article: Novel immortalized human fetal liver cell line, cBAL111, has the potential to differentiate into functional hepatocytes.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A clonal cell line that combines both stable hepatic function and proliferation capacity is desirable for in vitro applications that depend on hepatic function, such as pharmacological or toxicological assays and bioartificial liver systems. Here we describe the generation and characterization of a clonal human cell line for in vitro hepatocyte applications. Cell clones derived from human fetal liver cells were immortalized by over-expression of telomerase reverse transcriptase. The resulting cell line, cBAL111, displayed hepatic functionality similar to the parental cells prior to immortalization, and did not grow in soft agar. Cell line cBAL111 expressed markers of immature hepatocytes, like glutathione S transferase and cytokeratin 19, as well as progenitor cell marker CD146 and was negative for lidocaine elimination. On the other hand, the cBAL111 cells produced urea, albumin and cytokeratin 18 and eliminated galactose. In contrast to hepatic cell lines NKNT-3 and HepG2, all hepatic functions were expressed in cBAL111, although there was considerable variation in their levels compared with primary mature hepatocytes. When transplanted in the spleen of immunodeficient mice, cBAL111 engrafted into the liver and partly differentiated into hepatocytes showing expression of human albumin and carbamoylphosphate synthetase without signs of cell fusion. This novel liver cell line has the potential to differentiate into mature hepatocytes to be used for in vitro hepatocyte applications.BMC Biotechnology 01/2009; 9:89. · 2.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present study assessed whether there is a correlation between hepatic artery resistive index (HARI) and increase of body mass index and hepatosteatosis grading in children with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) reflecting hemodynamic effects of hepatosteatosis. Thirty three healthy children [body mass index(BMI): mean+/- standart deviation(SD), min-max: 20.1+/-1.14(18.5-23.7), 33 overweight [BMI:25.1+/-2.2 (18.5-23.7)] and 66 obese [BMI:31.1+/-2(25.6-40)] adolescents were enrolled into the study. To search the relation of HARI with fatty liver degree, study subjects subdivided into groups according to their degree of fatty liver at ultrasonography(US). Increase of HARI was correlated with increase in BMI (p<0.0001, r=0.533). Increase of HARI was well correlated with increase in degree of fatty liver (p<0.0001, r=0.630). The present study results suggest that there are positive correlations of HARI with BMI and hepatosteatosis grade in obese children with NAFLD. HARI may be a candidate parameter to determine early alarming hemodynamic changes in hepatic tissue of obese children with fatty liver before development of severe stages NAFLD.The Indian Journal of Pediatrics 04/2010; 77(4):407-11. · 0.52 Impact Factor