Differentiation of BCG-induced lymphadenitis from tuberculosis in lymph node biopsy specimens by molecular analyses of pncA and oxyR.
ABSTRACT Without culture, differentiation of bacille Calmette-Guérin-induced lymphadenitis (BCG-LA) from tuberculosis (TB) is sometimes difficult by histology, but is important because of different treatment schemes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of differentiating BCG-LA from TB in lymph nodes (LNs) by molecular analyses of two recently identified genes, pncA and oxyR. In both genes, a single tuberculosis difference exists between Mycobacterium bovis and M. tuberculosis. M tuberculosis complex (MTC) DNA was first detected in nine of ten formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded LNs from patients aged under 20 years with suspected mycobacterial infections, using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for IS6110, an insertion sequence specific for MTC species. PCR, together with direct DNA sequencing and PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) assay, was then performed to identify polymorphic nucleotide in pncA and oxyR, respectively. For comparison, 37 adult cases of tuberculous lymphadenitis were also analysed by PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) assay for pncA and by PCR-RFLP for oxyR. The results revealed that five of the nine IS6110-positive child cases had a G residue at nucleotide 169 in pncA, and also had a three-band pattern after digesting the amplified oxyR segment with AluI, suggesting BCG-LA. The remaining four child cases, as well as all adult cases with detectable IS6110, showed no motility shift in pncA PCR-SSCP and had the same one-band pattern as M. tuberculosis in oxyR PCR-RFLP, suggesting TB lymphadenitis. The data from molecular analyses showed a good correlation with the vaccination history and clinicopathological findings, except for one case. This study indicates that molecular assay of either oxyR or pncA could be a rapid and useful tool to distinguish BCG-LA from TB.
- SourceAvailable from: Jean-Luc GuesdonNucleic Acids Research 02/1990; 18(1):188. · 8.28 Impact Factor
- Journal of Pediatrics 07/1992; 120(6):839-55. · 4.04 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Diagnostic techniques based on PCR have two major problems: false-positive reactions due to contamination with DNA fragments from previous PCRs (amplicons) and false-negative reactions caused by inhibitors that interfere with the PCR. We have improved our previously reported PCR based on the amplification of a fragment of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex-specific insertion element IS6110 with respect to both problems. False-positive reactions caused by amplicon contamination were prevented by the use of uracil-N-glycosylase and dUTP instead of dTTP. We selected a new set of primers outside the region spanned by the formerly used primers to avoid false-positive reactions caused by dTTP-containing amplicons still present in the laboratory. With this new primer set, 16 copies of the IS6110 insertion element, the equivalent of two bacteria, could be amplified 10(10) times in 40 cycles, resulting in a mean efficiency of 77% per cycle. To detect the presence of inhibitors of the Taq polymerase, which may cause false-negative reactions, part of each sample was spiked with M. tuberculosis DNA. The DNA purification method using guanidinium thiocyanate and diatoms effectively removed most or all inhibitors of the PCR. However, this was not suitable for blood samples, for which we developed a proteinase K treatment followed by phenol-chloroform extraction. This method permitted detection of 20 M. tuberculosis bacteria per ml of whole blood. Various laboratory procedures were introduced to reduce failure or inhibition of PCR and avoid DNA cross contamination. We have tested 218 different clinical specimens obtained from patients suspected of having tuberculosis. The samples included sputum (n=145), tissue biopsy samples (n=25), cerebrospinal fluid (n=15), blood (n=14), pleural fluid (n=9), feces, (n=7), fluid from fistulae (n=2), and pus from a wound (n=1). The results obtained by PCR were consistent with those obtained with culture, which is the "gold standard." We demonstrate that PCR is a useful technique for the rapid diagnosis of tuberculosis at various sites.Journal of Clinical Microbiology 04/1994; 32(3):672-8. · 4.07 Impact Factor