Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 2 associated with mutation of the myelin protein zero gene.
ABSTRACT Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT), or hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN), is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous condition. Mutations of the myelin protein zero (MPZ) gene have been associated with CMT1B, Dejerine-Sottas disease, and congenital hypomyelination, which are inherited demyelinating neuropathies characterized by different clinical severity. HMSN type II (HMSN II) or CMT2, the axonal form of CMT, is genetically heterogeneous. Linkage to 1p35-p36 (CMT2A), 3q (CMT2B), and 7p (CMT2D) chromosomes has been reported in the disease; however, most HMSN II families do not link to any of the reported loci. In a large HMSN II Sardinian family, we found a missense mutation in the chromosome 1q MPZ gene. This Ser44Phe mutation was located in exon 2 and was present in the heterozygous state in all affected individuals. This is the first example of an HMSN II family showing an MPZ point mutation. The MPZ gene Ser44Phe mutation found in the HMSN II family presented in this study suggests that genetic analysis of HMSN II families should also include the MPZ gene, previously not considered to be involved in the axonal form of HMSN.
- SourceAvailable from: nih.govJournal of Medical Genetics 10/2002; 39(9):e58. · 5.70 Impact Factor
Article: Inherited neuropathies.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Inherited neuropathies are common and are usually caused by mutations in genes that are expressed by myelinating Schwann cells or neurons, which is the biological basis for long-standing distinction between primary demyelinating and axonal neuropathies. Neuropathies can be isolated, the primary manifestation of a more complex syndrome, or overshadowed by other aspects of the inherited disease. Increasing knowledge of the molecular-genetic causes of inherited neuropathies facilitates faster, more accurate diagnosis, and sets the stage for development of specific therapeutic interventions.Neurologic Clinics 09/2002; 20(3):679-709. · 1.34 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is the most common hereditary neuropathy resulting from mutations in >30 genes expressed in either the Schwann cells or the axon of peripheral nerves. The disease is classified into demyelinating (CMT1), axonal (CMT2) or intermediate (CMTI) based on electrophysiological and pathological findings. Our study focused on the identification of a novel disease mutation in a large Sardinian family with CMT2 of autosomal dominant (AD) inheritance. All available family members were clinically evaluated and samples were collected from consenting individuals. Initially, we excluded known CMT2 genes/loci in this family. We then conducted a genome-wide linkage analysis and mapped the gene to chromosome 9q33-q34. Refined linkage and haplotype analyses defined an 11.6-Mb candidate region with a maximum LOD score of 8.06. Following exclusion of several candidate genes from the region, we targeted the LRSAM1 (leucine-rich repeat and sterile alpha motif-containing 1) gene, very recently found to be associated with autosomal recessive CMT2 in one family. For a more efficient investigation of this large gene, already available proband RNA (cDNA) was initially analyzed. Targeted DNA analysis then confirmed a novel LRSAM1 splice-site (c.2047-1G>A) mutation, causing a frameshift that introduces a stop codon three amino acids further down the new reading frame (p.Ala683ProfsX3). This mutation is located in the C-terminal RING finger motif of the encoded protein and leads to premature truncation of the protein. In the course of our work, a second LRSAM1 mutation dominantly transmitted was identified by another group. Our data further confirms that LRSAM1 mutations are associated with CMT2 of AD inheritance.European Journal of Human Genetics advance online publication, 11 July 2012; doi:10.1038/ejhg.2012.146.European journal of human genetics: EJHG 07/2012; · 3.56 Impact Factor