Article

Attachment styles, emotion regulation, and adjustment in adolescence.

Department of Psychology, University of Missouri--Columbia 65211, USA.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (Impact Factor: 5.08). 06/1998; 74(5):1380-97. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.74.5.1380
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Attachment style differences in psychological symptomatology, self-concept, and risky or problem behaviors were examined in a community sample (N = 1,989) of Black and White adolescents, 13 to 19 years old. Overall, secure adolescents were the best-adjusted group, though not necessarily the least likely to engage in risky behaviors. Anxious adolescents were the worst-adjusted group, reporting the poorest self-concepts and the highest levels of symptomatology and risk behaviors. In contrast, avoidant adolescents reported generally high levels of symptomatology and poor self-concepts but similar levels of risk behaviors to those found among secures. Mediation analyses suggested that the observed differences in problem behaviors were at least partially accounted for by the differential experience of distress symptoms (primarily hostility and depression) and by social competence. Finally, patterns of attachment effects were similar across age, gender, and racial groups, with some important exceptions.

1 Follower
 · 
252 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although the potential deleterious effects of negative social interactions at work have been well established in the literature, the impact of personal factors in forming work relationships has been relatively neglected. Therefore, using a survey of 1624 Canadian healthcare providers, we examined the extent to which attachment styles at work were associated with the quality of social relationships. We found support for a new measure of attachment styles at work that differentiated between anxiety and avoidance attachment. Avoidance was negatively correlated with positive social constructs (civility, psychological safety, and trust) and with the efficacy dimension of burnout. Overall, compared to attachment avoidance, attachment anxiety was more strongly correlated with experienced and instigated workplace incivility, exhaustion, and cynicism. Attachment avoidance was negatively correlated with positive social constructs (civility, psychological safety, and trust) and with the efficacy dimension of burnout. Adding these two attachment dimensions to a model of burnout as a function of workload, value congruence, and coworker incivility significantly improved its fit. This study suggests that employees with high attachment anxiety tend to be more closely involved in work relationships and processes, but this closeness comes at a cost in that they experience more strain when participating in social encounters.
    03/2015; 2(1). DOI:10.1016/j.burn.2015.02.003
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Book summarizes results from psychological part of longitudinal study ELSPAC.
    Psychologie edited by Stanislav Ježek, Lenka Lacinová & Petr Macek, 01/2011; MUNI Press., ISBN: 978-80-210-5682-4
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This theoretical article traces one of the pathways of adolescent substance abuse from its roots in insecure attachment in childhood through ineffective relational mental models, poor communication skills, peer rejection, and the formation of antisocial friendships that lead to delinquency and substance use disorder. The model suggests communication skills training as a mediator and a means to altering this trajectory through changes to internal working models about relationships and the building of healthy peer relationships and recovery capital. This model focuses on communication as central to this complex process.
    Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse 01/2015; 24(1):54-65. DOI:10.1080/1067828X.2012.761168 · 0.62 Impact Factor