Attachment style, emotion regulation, and adjustment in adolescence

Department of Psychology, University of Missouri--Columbia 65211, USA.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (Impact Factor: 5.08). 06/1998; 74(5):1380-97. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.74.5.1380
Source: PubMed


Attachment style differences in psychological symptomatology, self-concept, and risky or problem behaviors were examined in a community sample (N = 1,989) of Black and White adolescents, 13 to 19 years old. Overall, secure adolescents were the best-adjusted group, though not necessarily the least likely to engage in risky behaviors. Anxious adolescents were the worst-adjusted group, reporting the poorest self-concepts and the highest levels of symptomatology and risk behaviors. In contrast, avoidant adolescents reported generally high levels of symptomatology and poor self-concepts but similar levels of risk behaviors to those found among secures. Mediation analyses suggested that the observed differences in problem behaviors were at least partially accounted for by the differential experience of distress symptoms (primarily hostility and depression) and by social competence. Finally, patterns of attachment effects were similar across age, gender, and racial groups, with some important exceptions.

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    • " , the results emerging from our model suggest that attachment anxiety has a direct negative association with parenting satisfaction . These results are consistent with previous reports of attachment anxiety being more associated with poor affect regulation and emotional control , and distress , than in the case of secure and avoidant attachment ( Cooper et al . , 1998 ; Feeney , 1999 ) . According to adult attachment theory , internal working models are thought to influence not only how individuals organize their behavior but also how they perceive , attend to , and process information of emotional significance ( Niedenthal et al . , 2002 ; Feeney and Cassidy , 2003 ; Fraley et al . , 2006 ) . Indivi"
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    Frontiers in Psychology 09/2015; 6(1461). DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01461 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    • "Indeed, in our results, jealousy reactivity (a continuous measure of how varying degrees of suspicion of a partner´s interaction with the opposite sex may evoke jealousy) only correlates with the dimension of anxiety, and it is not associated with close and depend, which may be indicative of the lack of confi dence in social acceptance and proximity of others to the self. On a similar way, the dimensions of aggression, which are highly related to a negative model of others, were associated in a positive direction with the dimension of anxiety, confi rming the proposition that attachment patterns are schemas of how one " experiences, expresses and copes with distressing emotions " (Cooper et al., 1998, p. 1380). Indeed, it is precisely in terms of affective expressions of aggression where the negative model of others more strongly differentiates itself from the model of the self, with anger directly correlating with the dimension of anxiety. "
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    Psicologia: Reflexao e Critica 01/2015; 28(2):242-252. DOI:10.1590/1678-7153.201528204
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    • "The avoidant attachment orientation on the other hand, is typically associated with the deactivation of the attachment system and with suppressing and limiting accessibility to emotional memories and thoughts. Persons with insecure attachment orientations experience more negative and less positive affect (Wei, Vogel, Ku, & Zakalik, 2005) partly as a consequence of less effective emotion regulation strategies (Cooper et al., 1998). "
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    Health Communication 11/2015; DOI:10.1080/10410236.2014.993497 · 0.97 Impact Factor
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