Pathogenicity of Mycoplasma synoviae in broiler chickens.
ABSTRACT Six isolates of Mycoplasma synoviae, identified as WVU 1853, K1968, K1858, 92D8034, F10-2AS, and FMT, were compared for pathogenicity in broiler chickens. Specific-pathogen-free chickens were inoculated, in two groups of 20, with each isolate by footpad or eyedrop inoculation at 1 day of age and were examined at necropsy 7, 14, 28, and 42 days postinoculation. Specimens were taken for histopathology, culture, polymerase chain reaction assay, and hemagglutination-inhibition serology. Isolates were grouped according to pathogenicity on the basis of differences in lesion development and tissue distribution in the respiratory system, other viscera, and the skeletal system. K1968 (pathogenic) induced lesions in all sites examined in both the footpad and eyedrop inoculation groups. It was detected in all sites following footpad inoculation and in all sites except viscera following eyedrop inoculation. WVU 1853, K1858, and 92D8034 (moderately pathogenic) induced lesions and were detected in all sites following footpad inoculation. With eyedrop inoculation, lesions were identified only in upper and lower respiratory sites, and organisms were detected only in upper respiratory sites. F10-2AS (moderately pathogenic) was similar; however, footpad inoculation failed to induce visceral lesions or permit organism detection in any site. F10-2AS was detected in upper and lower respiratory tissues following eyedrop inoculation. FMT (mildly pathogenic) induced only upper respiratory lesions when either footpad or eyedrop inoculation was used, and detection was restricted to upper respiratory sites following eyedrop inoculation. These results are useful in comparative evaluations of the virulence of other M. synoviae isolates and form a basis for characterization of virulence factors of M. synoviae.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Fred Hoerr, Oct 13, 2014
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ABSTRACT: In infectious synovitis caused by Mycoplasma synoviae chicken chondrocytes (CCH) may come into direct contact with these bacteria that are also capable of invading CCH in vitro. In this study, phenotype microarrays were used to evaluate the influence of Mycoplasma synoviae on the global metabolic activity of CCH. Therefore, CCH were cultured in the presence of 504 individual compounds, spotted in wells of 11 phenotype microarrays for eukaryotic cells, and exposed to Mycoplasma synoviae membranes or viable Mycoplasma synoviae. Metabolic activity and sensitivity of normal cells versus infected cells were evaluated. Metabolic profiles of CCH treated with viable Mycoplasma synoviae or its membranes were significantly different from those of CCH alone. CCH treated with Mycoplasma synoviae membranes were able to use 48 carbon/nitrogen sources not used by CCH alone. Treatment also influenced ion uptake in CCH and intensified the sensitivity to 13 hormones, 5 immune mediators, and 29 cytotoxic chemicals. CCH were even more sensitive to hormones/immune mediators when exposed to viable Mycoplasma synoviae. Our results indicate that exposure to Mycoplasma synoviae or its membranes induces a wide range of metabolic and sensitivity modifications in CCH that can contribute to pathological processes in the development of infectious synovitis.BioMed Research International 01/2014; 2014:613730. DOI:10.1155/2014/613730 · 2.71 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mycoplasma synoviae is a Gram positive bacteria lacking of cell wall that affects chickens and turkeys causing infection in the upper respiratory tract and in some cases arthritis, with economical impact to broiler breeders. Treatment and prevention of avian synovitis depend on knowledge of the infectious process. Secreted or surface-exposed proteins play a critical role in disease because they often mediate interactions between host and pathogen. In the present work, we sought to identify possible M. synoviae secreted proteins by cultivating the bacteria in a modified protein-free Frey medium. Using this approach, we were able to detect in the cell-free fraction a number of proteins that have been shown in other organisms to be secreted, suggesting that they may also be secreted by M. synoviae.09/2012; 2012:802308. DOI:10.5402/2012/802308
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ABSTRACT: Infectious arthritis in broiler represents an economic and health problem resulting in severe losses due to retarded growth and down grading at slaughterhouse. The most common agents associated with cases of infectious arthritis in poultry are Mycoplasma synoviae and Avian orthoreovirus. This study proposed to investigate the histopathological changes caused by mixed infection with Mycoplasma synoviae and Avian orthoreovirus in broilers and confirm the presence of the agents through PCR and immunofluorescence assay (IFA). We used 16 broiler chickens, housed in bed, with supply of food and water ad libitum. Ten-day-old broilers were infected with Mycoplasma synoviae and Avian orthoreovirus. Clinically, they showed lethargy and swelling of the hock joint. After 30 days, we proceeded to their euthanasia and necropsy. Histological lesions were observed due to the mixed infection with Mycoplasma synoviae and Avian orthoreovirus in different tissues. The histopathology of the joints was characterized by infiltration of heterophil leucocytes in the synovial membrane and the digital flexor tendon. The inflammatory process was also found in trachea, lungs, air sac, liver, spleen, pericardium and proventriculus. The use of IFA was necessary to verify the presence of both agents in the hock joints, identifying the antigens of Mycoplasma synoviae and Avian orthoreovirus. The presence of M. synoviae was detected by PCR in trachea, lung, air sacs, synovial membrane and synovial fluid. Avian orthoreovirus was detected with PCR in liver, spleen, synovial membrane and digital flexor tendon. In conclusion, this investigation suggests that a synergistic relationship exists between Mycoplasma synoviae and Avian orthoreovirus.Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira 08/2012; 32(8):687-691. · 0.44 Impact Factor