A new family with a non-specific X-linked mental retardation (MRX55) is described. An X-linked recessive inheritance is suggested by the segregation from two healthy transmitting females of moderate mental retardation in three males, without any specific clinical, radiological or biological features. Two point linkage analysis demonstrated significant linkage between the disorder and several markers in Xp11 (Zmax = 2.11, theta = 0); multipoint linkage analyses confirmed the significant linkage with a maximum lod score (Z = 2.11 at theta = 0, at DXS8012). Recombination events observed with the flanking markers DXS1068 and DXS1275 delineate a 34 centimorgan interval in the pericentromeric region. The interval of assignment pointed out in this family overlaps with several MRX loci previously reported in Xp11 which are reviewed here in.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We found mutations in the gene PQBP1 in 5 of 29 families with nonsyndromic (MRX) and syndromic (MRXS) forms of X-linked mental retardation (XLMR). Clinical features in affected males include mental retardation, microcephaly, short stature, spastic paraplegia and midline defects. PQBP1 has previously been implicated in the pathogenesis of polyglutamine expansion diseases. Our findings link this gene to XLMR and shed more light on the pathogenesis of this common disorder.
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