Neutrophilic urticaria: clinical features, histological changes and possible mechanisms.
ABSTRACT Neutrophilic urticaria (NU) is a histologically defined entity, but its clinical and pathogenetic aspects are poorly understood. We investigated 22 NU patients whom we identified by examining 118 biopsies of weals. The patients comprised 11 of 20 with acute urticaria, nine of 49 with chronic urticaria, one of 10 with cold urticaria and one of 10 controls undergoing prick tests. Clinically, NU patients had a shorter mean duration of disease than other urticaria patients and significantly increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate and leucocytosis. Histologically, not only neutrophil counts, but to a lesser extent also eosinophil counts and mononuclear cell infiltrates were significantly increased in lesional skin of NU, and there was more marked vasodilatation and endothelial swelling. On immunohistochemistry, increased tumour necrosis factor alpha and interleukin (IL)-3 expression was noted, compared with other urticarias, whereas IL-8 expression was only minor. These data characterize NU as an acute phase urticarial reaction associated with an intense inflammatory infiltrate and marked upregulation of some mast cell-derived cytokines.
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ABSTRACT: The pathogenic mechanism of acetyl salicylic acid (ASA)-induced urticaria (AIU) is not fully understood. We compared the levels of neutrophil activation and related cytokines in patients with ASA-intolerant acute urticaria (AIAU) and ASA-intolerant chronic urticaria (AICU). A total of 51 patients with AIAU, 88 patients with AICU, and 102 normal controls (NC) were enrolled in this study. The serum levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and IL-18 were compared among the three groups. The serum levels of MPO were highest in the AIAU group, followed by the AICU and NC groups, and the serum levels of IL-18 were significantly higher in the AIAU and AICU groups than in NC group. Within the AIU groups, significant correlations were noted between the levels of MPO and IL-8, and IL-8 and IL-18. In conclusion, neutrophil activation, which was associated with the levels of IL-8 and IL-18 in the AIAU group, may be involved in the pathogenic mechanism of AIU. A role for IL-18 in the pathogenesis of AIU is also suggested.Journal of Clinical Immunology 02/2008; 28(3):244-9. · 3.08 Impact Factor
Article: Comparison between sensitivity of autologous skin serum test and autologous plasma skin test in patients with Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria for detection of antibody against IgE or IgE receptor (FcεRIα).[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Intradermal injection of autologous serum and plasma elicit a cutaneous reactivity in almost 45-60% of patients with Chronic Idiopathic Urticaria (CIU). This reactivity is associated with the presence of auto antibodies against IgE or IgE receptors. This study was carried out to compare the cutaneous reactivity of autologous serum and plasma skin tests in a series of patients with CIU for diagnosis of auto antibodies against IgE or IgE receptor. Fifty eight patients with CIU were injected intradermally with autologous serum and plasma (anticoagulated by citrate). Histamine was used as positive control and normal saline as negative control. The study group was checked by routine laboratory tests (CBC, U/A etc), allergens with skin prick tests, and serum IgE level, and auto antibodies against thyroid as well. Duration of urticaria was another factor which was assessed.There was no significant difference between positive ASST and positive APST patients for the above mentioned tests. 77.6% of the patients were Positive for APST and 65.5% were ASST positive. Duration of urticaria was longer in patients with positive ASST and APST than ASST and APST negative patients, although the difference was not statistically significant.Autologus serum skin test (ASST) and autologous plasma skin test (APST) could be used for estimation of duration and severity of urticaria and planning for the treatment.Iranian journal of allergy, asthma, and immunology 06/2011; 10(2):111-7. · 0.51 Impact Factor