Effect of anion secretion inhibitors on mucin content of airway submucosal gland ducts.
ABSTRACT In porcine bronchi, inhibition of both Cl- and HCO3- transport is required to block the anion secretion response to ACh and to cause mucus accumulation within ACh-treated submucosal gland ducts [S. K. Inglis, M. R. Corboz, A. E. Taylor, and S. T. Ballard. Am. J. Physiol. 272 (Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol. 16): L372-L377, 1997]. In this previous study, a combination of three potential HCO3- transport inhibitors [1 mM acetazolamide, 1 mM DIDS, and 0.1 mM dimethylamiloride (DMA)] was used to block carbonic anhydrase, Cl-/HCO3- exchange, and Na+/H+ exchange, respectively. The aim of the present study was to obtain a better understanding of the mechanism of ACh-induced HCO3- secretion in airway glands by determining which of the three inhibitors, in combination with bumetanide, is required to block anion secretion and so cause ductal mucin accumulation. Gland duct mucin content was measured in distal bronchi isolated from domestic pigs. Addition of either bumetanide alone, bumetanide plus acetazolamide, or bumetanide plus DIDS had no significant effect on ACh-induced mean gland duct mucin content. In contrast, glands treated with bumetanide plus DMA as well as glands treated with all four anion transport blockers were almost completely occluded with mucin after the addition of ACh. These data suggest that mucin is cleared from the ducts of bronchial submucosal glands by liquid generated from Cl(-)- and DMA-sensitive HCO3- transport.
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ABSTRACT: Cytoplasmic Ca2+ is a master regulator of airway physiology; it controls fluid, mucus, and antimicrobial peptide secretion, ciliary beating, and smooth muscle contraction. The focus of this review is on the role of cytoplasmic Ca2+ in fluid secretion by airway exocrine secretory cells. Airway submucosal gland serous acinar cells are the primary fluid secreting cell type of the cartilaginous conducting airways, and this review summarizes the current state of knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of serous cell ion transport, with an emphasis on their regulation by intracellular Ca2+. Many neurotransmitters that regulate secretion from serous acinar cells utilize Ca2+ as a second messenger. Changes in intracellular Ca2+ concentration regulate the activities of ion transporters and channels involved in transepithelial ion transport and fluid secretion, including Ca2+-activated K+ channels and Cl− channels. We also review evidence of interactions of Ca2+ signaling with other signaling pathways (cAMP, NO) that impinge upon different ion transport pathways, including the cAMP/PKA-activated cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) anion channel. A better understanding of Ca2+ signaling and its targets in airway fluid secretion may identify novel strategies to intervene in airway diseases, for example to enhance fluid secretion in CF airways.Cell calcium 06/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.ceca.2014.02.001 · 4.21 Impact Factor