[Scoring system of late effects of radiations on normal tissues: the SOMA-LENT scale].
ABSTRACT Radiation tolerance of normal tissues remains the limiting factor for delivering tumoricidal dose. The late toxicity of normal tissues is the most critical element of an irradiation: somatic, functional and structural alterations occur during the actual treatment itself, but late effects manifest months to years after acute effects heal, and may progress with time. The optimal therapeutic ratio ultimately requires not only complete tumor clearance, but also minimal residual injury to surrounding vital normal tissues. The disparity between the intensity of acute and late effects and the inability to predict the eventual manifestations of late normal tissue injury has made radiation oncologists recognize the importance of careful patient follow-up. There is so far no uniform toxicity scoring system to compare several clinical studies in the absence of a "common toxicity language". This justifies the need to establish a precise evaluation system for the analysis of late effects of radiation on normal tissues. The SOMA/LENT scoring system results from an international collaboration. European Organization Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) and Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) have created subcommittees with the aim of addressing the question of standardized toxic effects criteria. This effort appeared as a necessity to standardize and improve the data recording, to then describe and evaluate uniform toxicity at regular time intervals. The current proposed scale is not yet validated, and should be used cautiously.
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ABSTRACT: This study aimed to assess the impact of late treatment toxicity (especially radiotherapy toxicity), chemoradiotherapy treatment type (concurrent or sequential), depression and anxiety on overall, physical and emotional quality of life (QoL) in long-term breast cancer survivors. Method. We assessed 117 patients (mean follow-up since the end of treatment = 8.1 years) for late radiotherapy toxicity (LENT-SOMA scale), patient and doctor ratings of breast cosmetic outcomes, QoL (EORTC QLQ-C30), depression and anxiety (Hospital and Anxiety Depression scale). In univariate analyses, factors associated with significantly decreased QoL were: use of sequential treatment and decreased overall QoL (P = 0.002) and emotional QoL (P = 0.02) ; few radiotherapy late toxicity symptoms (pain and decreased physical QoL, P = 0.01 ; fibrosis and decreased emotional QoL, P = 0.04) ; probable depression or probable anxiety and decreased overall, physical and emotional QoL (P ≤ 0.005). In multivariate analyses, probable depression and probable anxiety were the most stronger predictors for decreased QoL in the overall, physical and emotional domains (P ≤ 0.02). Improving screening for and treatment of depression and anxiety might improve QoL in long-term breast cancer survivors.Bulletin du cancer 04/2012; 99(5):589-98. · 0.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: Although depression is prevalent in long-term breast cancer survivors (LTBCS; ≥5 years since diagnosis), it is underdiagnosed and undertreated. A better understanding of factors associated with depression could improve depression screening, treatment, and prevention in this population. Our study aimed to assess the link between patient and doctor ratings of breast cosmetic outcomes, late radiotherapy toxicity, and depression in LTBCS. METHODS: In all, 214 patients recruited from the ARCOSEIN study were assessed for late radiotherapy toxicity (by using the LENT-SOMA scale) and patient and doctor ratings of breast cosmetic outcomes (mean = 6.7 years since the end of treatment). We reassessed 120 of these patients for depression (HAD) during a second wave of long-term assessment (mean = 8.1 years since the end of treatment). We used univariate analyses and polytomous logistic regression analyses to predict the HAD depression, which was defined as follows: normal, 0-7 points; and significant depression, ≥8 points (8-10 points, possible depression; ≥11 points, probable depression). RESULTS: The mean HAD depression score was 4.5 ± 3.6. 19. 2% of our population had significant depression, 6.7% with probable depression, and 12.5% with possible depression. Significant depression was not associated with late radiotherapy toxicity or initial cancer-related variables. Patients with probable depression reported worse cosmetic outcomes than nondepressed patients in terms of perceived breast largeness (p = 0.04), breast deformation (p = 0.02), and changes in skin pigmentation (p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: In LTBCS, depression seems to be more strongly associated with changes in some patients' perceived breast cosmetic outcome than late treatment toxicity or initial cancer-related variables. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.Psycho-Oncology 02/2012; · 3.51 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A French prospective randomized trial comparing whole breast radiotherapy with 45 Gy in 25 fractions versus 23 Gy in four fractions demonstrated equivalent 5-year local control and survival. On the basis of this data, we offer the hypofractionated regimen to women who refuse to undergo standard radiotherapy. We report our outcomes and a cost analysis. Between 2000 and 2012, 84 patients participated in this IRB-approved study and underwent whole breast radiation to 23 Gy in four fractions. Local control and survival were analyzed using the Kaplan–Meier method. Acute toxicities and overall long-term cosmetic results were assessed. Costs were estimated from 2012 Medicare reimbursement data and compared to costs from standard courses of 25 and 16 fractions. All 84 patients are included in this report. Median age was 83 (range 42–98). Most patients had stage I (80%), hormone receptor positive (90%) breast cancer. Fifty-eight patients (69%) were treated prone and 26 (31%) supine. At a median follow-up of 3 years, one local recurrence has occurred, of ductal carcinoma in situ histology. Among the 13 patients deceased, two died of metastatic breast cancer. Five-year actuarial local control is 99%, breast cancer-specific survival is 98%, and overall survival is 79%. Toxicities were limited to grade 1 dermatitis in 32 patients (38%) and grade 2 fatigue in three (4%). Sixty-three patients (75%) reported good or excellent cosmetic outcome at their last follow-up. Collected Medicare reimbursement was $4,798 for the hypofractionated course. Compared to the projected reimbursement of standard regimens, $10,372 for 25 fractions and $8,382 for 16 fractions, it resulted in a difference of $5,574 and $3,584, respectively. At a follow-up of 3 years, this hypofractionated regimen appears to be a promising approach, primarily for elderly women who are unable to undergo longer treatment courses but have indications for whole breast radiotherapy.The Breast Journal 05/2014; 20(3). · 1.83 Impact Factor